Middle Colonies

New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware

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"Bread Basket Region"

New York

  • Founded by Peter Minuit in 1626
  • Economy- Mixed farming and fur trade with Indians
  • Was proprietary, then became royal colony
  • In 1630 population was 350 and grew to 13909 by 1690.
  • The Abenaki tribe, Cayuga tribe, Erie tribe, Laurentian tribes, and Mohawk tribe inhabited New York.
  • No established religion
  • Bought from the Iracoy
  • Dutch Influence

Pennsylvania

  • Founded by William Penn in 1682
  • Economy- Mixed Farming, Wheat
  • Proprietary Colony
  • In the 1680's the population was 680 and grew to 11450 in 1690
  • Iroquois Indians, Saluda Indians, Saponi Indians, Shawnee Indians, and the Tuscarora Indians inhabited Pennsylvania
  • Quakers
  • Dutch, and Sweden influence

New Jersey

  • Founded by Sir George Carteret in 1664
  • Economy- Mixed Farming
  • Proprietary colony
  • In 1670 the population was 1000, and grew to 8000 by 1690
  • Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape, Powhatan Renape Nation, Ramapough Lenape Indian Nation, and Inter-Tribal American Indians inhabited New Jersey
  • No established religion
  • Sometimes called the "Sewer" of New York

Delaware

  • Founded by Peter Minuit in 1638
  • Economy- Trade
  • Proprietary colony
  • In 1650 the population was 185 and grew to 1482 by 1690
  • Lenni Lenape tribe, and Nanticoke tribe inhabited Delaware
  • No established religion
  • Named after Lord De La Warr