McGraw, Eloise Jarvis
March 10, 2014
The Newberry Medal award was designed in 1921 by Rene Paul Chamberlain. This medal is awarded annually by the American Library Assosiation for the best children's book published in the previous year. It was named after the eighteenth-century book seller John Newberry. The Newberry Award was the first children's book award in the world. Fredric G. Melcher was the founder of the Newberry Award. The bronze medal has the name of the author and date it was won engraved in the back. Newberry also had a "runner-up" award until 1971 and that term was changed into "honors book". All runner-ups are now considered award winners. The Newberry Medal has had its name changed four times since it was established. The membership now includes public school and public library librarians. There has been 92 Newberry Award winners.