The Future of Canada

Will Canada be the greatest country to live in 2035?

Introduction

Canada is considered to be one of the greatest countries to live in. This is because Canada offers so many great opportunities such as a better education and providing unemployed people with jobs. Canada also has beautiful environments that are different for every region that go along with the diverse climate. If Canada is considered to be one of the greatest countries to live in now, will Canada be the greatest country to live in 2035?

Changing Populations

As of October 2014, Canada's population is at a fairly high number reaching around 35, 675, 835 people. Canada is at a stage 4 out of 5 stages in the population pyramids. This means that the population is at high numbers but remains balanced with none or minimal growth of population due to the low birth rate.
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A fragment of Canada's population is made up of immigrants. Each year, an average of 250, 000 immigrants are taken in which makes makes Canada number 1 for having the highest immigrant intake per capita in the world.


However, the large number of immigrant intake isn't necessarily a good thing. In fact, the high immigrant intake has extensive negative economic results for Canadians in search for work.Majority of the immigrants are at the age when they are able to work, and due to so many of them in search for work, many Canadian's are constrained to compete for limited amount of jobs that are offered.


As the years go by, and the economy develops and grows, so will the population. In the future, majority of the immigrants will most likely still come from the same minority groups- South Asians, Chinese and Blacks who take account of about 61.3% of the immigrants in Canada. The development of the economy will be the cause of escalation in the Canada's future as it will attract more people from different nations to immigrate to Canada.

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As a result to the increase in population, the First Nations will also be affected. Increase in population means having to expand areas to build new homes and buildings. This means having to once again take away the First Nations land. History would repeat itself and First Nations would need to fight for their land. Not only that, but the more homes and buildings needed to be constructed would add to the pollution in the environment. Habitats would be taken away and there'd be an increase in the air pollution from all the vehicles and factories being put to use in order to expand.

Interactions in the Physical Environment

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Canada consists of 8 different land form regions. Each region having its own unique physical features and climate.


Canadian Shield


Climate:


  • A lot of temperature change
  • Continental climate
  • Winters are 6-8 months long with an average temperature of about -13°C to 18°C with occasional small amounts of permafrost
  • Average of 25°C in the summer


Physical Features:


  • Underneath the region is a mass of sedimentary bedrock forming landscapes of plains, patterned grounds and pingos
  • The Eastern part of the region is mountainous and hilly, also consisting of plenty of lakes ranging from small ones to large
  • Ice sheets in the northern areas- eskers, drumlins, and small glacial tills
Western Cordillera


Climate:

  • extremely cold in the north
  • large quantities of precipitation

Physical Features:

  • Formed by 3 sectors: Eastern Mountains, Coast Mountains, Interior Plateaus
  • Mostly covered in forests

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Innuitian Mountains


Climate:


  • Constantly cold with an average climate of -30° to -35°
  • Short summers

Climate Factor(s):


  • The Innuitian Mountains are far from the equator thus causing the cold climate
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Hudson Bay Lowlands


Climate:

  • warm & humid
  • humidity rises in spring
  • plenty of precipitation
Climate Factors:

  • The Hudson Bay Lowlands are located near the equator giving the region a warmer climate. The warm weather combined with the wide masses of water causes condensation which results in rainfall

Physical Features:

  • Vast wetlands
  • Marshes
  • Meadows

Arctic Lowlands


Climate:


  • long cold winters that tend to drop to below 45 degrees
  • Dry climate
  • Little to no precipitation
Climate Factors:



  • Located far from the equator which causes the climate to be cold
  • For 10 months of the year, the water is covered in ice therefore not allowing any condensation which results in the dry climate

Physical Features:

  • plains with low rolling mountains
  • Mostly covered in snow
  • Frozen ground due to harsh climate

Interior Plains


Climate:

  • Long cold winters that can go as low as -30 degrees
  • short hot summers
  • dry climate
  • Continental climate

Physical Features:

  • Grasslands located in the southern areas
  • Aspen Park lands located in the Northern parts
  • Taiga's with small amount of trees

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Appalachian Mountains


Climate:

  • moderate
  • humid


Physical Features:

  • Contains some of the oldest mountains on earth
  • deep ravines
  • valleys

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St. Lawrence Lowlands


Climate:

  • closest region to the equator
  • summers are hotter and more humid
  • lots of ran fall because of the humidity
  • cold winters
Climate Factors:

  • Near the equator which causes the climate to be dry and humid throughout the year


Physical Features:

  • Plains along St. Lawrence River
  • Hills
  • Dominated by the Monteregian Hills

Canada's regions all contain their own unique physical features. However, those physical features that is seen in present day, can be changed and influenced by climate change. This is due to the fact that the climate is part of what causes the physical environment to look a certain way. For example, in the northern regions of Canada such as the Arctic Lowlands, the land is covered in snow and ice because of the freezing climate. If the climate were to change, the snow and ice would melt and the land would no longer be covered in snow but instead be a vast area of bare plains with low rolling mountains. The ground is also remains frozen for 10 months of the year and does not permit agriculture because of the harsh weather. If it were to suddenly change into a warm climate, the water wouldn't be frozen and there would be more precipitation. The land would also soften up as the snow melts therefore allowing the land to be used for agricultural purposes.


Climate change could also affect Canada's climate in general. It would affect the 4 seasons that we have. For example, as global warming increases caused by the greenhouse effect, the weather becomes warmer and warmer. When the weather becomes too warm, there won't be any snowfall. Instead it will be rain. Climate change will affect the climate because it would ruin the cycle of the 4 seasons. It would cause one season to be longer than the other.

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Managing Resources

In spite of climate change having the ability to influence the genuine climate and country, Canada's climate and environment are one of the reasons that Canada is so successful. The combination of the climate and natural resources helps sustain Canada.


There are 6 industries that extract resources:

What will be Canada's most important resource?

I believe that oil will be the most important resource. This is because oil can be used for many purposes. It can be used to produce energy and it can be used to manufacture goods. In the future, there will definitely be a need to expand and build new buildings as the population increases. Oil will be needed to use for fuel for the machinery and vehicles that will be put to use. Oil will also be used to manufacture products that will be invented in the near future.


However, oil is not renewable and therefore not sustainable. Due to Canada's linear economy, resources are extracted, manufactured, used, then finally thrown away as waste. The linear economy disables reusing the products and causes the Oil industry to further extract from the earth.


On the bright side, there will be a way that Canada can manage the resource as long as all the other resources by changing the economy into a cyclical economy. By changing into a cyclical economy, the process of extraction and production will remain the same, however, instead of putting the used products to waste, they will be renewed and will be able to be reused thus reducing the need to extract resources from the earth. This method will allow the resources to last for a longer period of time and will also reduce the amount of waste.

Liveable Communites

An issue Canadian cities are facing today is urban sprawl. Urban sprawl is the unsuppressed expansion of urban land. It is an issue to Canadian cities, and Canada in general because urban sprawl comes with many negative results. It causes pollution because of construction and it also causes an area to be overcrowded. This often causes places with low density to have traffic because there is more of a need to travel by vehicle due to the fact that housing and other uses such as workplaces or malls, are located far from each other. The traffic also increases air pollution because of the high number of cars emitting burning fuel into the air as they wait for the traffic to be over.


However, on the positive side, there are ways that urban sprawl can be controlled and lessened. Canada can limit urban sprawl by changing from places with low density, to high density. This would discourage sprawl by keeping housing, work places and other uses in close proximity within each other. By doing so, people can walk or bike to places instead of having to drive. This will also decrease the amount of pollution and is better for our health because we are living more actively by walking or biking instead of taking transportation.


Another way that urban sprawl can be limited is to build up instead of out. What that means is instead of building buildings horizontally and taking up green space, buildings should be built vertically with many levels. This includes adding units or transforming single family homes to multi-family residence which allows communities to increase the population without having to change the environment around it greatly.

Conclusion

As has been noted, will Canada be the greatest country to live in? Though there are many obstacles that must be faced, I believe that Canada can provide solutions to all these issues to help overcome them. We can limit the population by setting a regulation as to the number of immigrants that are allowed in Canada. We can help decrease pollution by choosing more environmentally friendly choices such as doing simple things like walking instead of driving. We can sustain our resources by renewing products to lessen the need to extract more. If Canada chooses the right choices for its people, its environment and the country as a whole, then Canada will most definitely be the greatest country to live in.
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