Canada 2060

Introduction

In this Smore we will be taking about immigration trends, population trends, and FNMI (First Nations, Metis and Inuit) trends.

Immigration trends

There are a lot of immigration trends and here are three immigration trends. One trend is Family immigrants. The second trend is permanent citizenship. Lastly, refugees.

Family Immigrants

A family immigrant is someone who was sponsored by a family member that is a citizen of Canada. If you live in Canada and are a citizen of Canada and you are 18 and above, you can sponsor your relatives to come to Canada under the Family Class. Relatives that can be sponsored are:

  • your spouse,
  • your conjugal or common-law partner,
  • your dependent child (this includes an adopted child) or
  • other eligible relatives.
  • If the family member that you sponsor becomes a permanent resident, they can study, live and work in Canada.
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    Permanent Citizenship

    A Permanent Citizenship means that you are a citizen of that country.

    In order to become a permanent Citizen in Canada, you need:

    To be an adult 18 years or older and are a permanent resident in Canada to apply.

    Someone who was a Canadian citizen who wants to get his/her citizenship back.

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    Refugees

    A Refugee is someone who immigrates to other countries to seek protection from fear of their country. Refugees are forced to flee their country. In Canada, we have refugee protection programs. there are two refugee protection programs available. one is,

    • the Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program, for people seeking protection from outside Canada;and
    • the In-Canada Asylum Program for people making refugee protection claims from within Canada.

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    Population trends

    There are a lot of population trends, here are three of them. The first trend is birth and death rate. The second trend is ageing population. Lastly, net migration.

    Birth and Death rate

    The birth rate is measured by 1,000 persons in the population at midyear. This is also known as crude birth rate. Birth rate is the dominant factor in the rate of our population growth.

    The death rate is the average number of deaths a year per 1,000 population at midyear. This is also known as crude death rate. Countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate for that year.

    This is a birth rate chart

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    This is a death rate chart

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    Ageing Population

    The Canadian population is aging significantly. In 1971, the median age was 26.2 years, compared to recent statistics, in 2011, the median age went up to 39.9 years. In 2011, the number of Canadians ages 65 and over was 5.0 million. This number is expected to double in the future as estimated to go up to 10.4 million in the year 2036.
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    Net Migration

    Net migration is the combination of immigrants and emigrants. This is divided per 1,000 inhabitants. Positive net migration means that more people are immigrating to the country. Negative net migration means that more people are leaving the country.

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    FNMI

    FNMI (First Nations, Metis, Inuit) are three different groups in Canada.

    First Nation

    The First Nations are Aboriginal people but are not Metis or Inuit. There are about 630 First Nations reserves in Canada mostly in Ontario and British Columbia. The total population of First Nations across is 850,000 people. The First Nations were some of the first people to live in Canada.

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    Metis

    Metis is a mix of First Nations and European people. The total population of Metis in Canada is 451,795 people. The Metis are scattered across Canada and in the northern parts of The United States of America.

    Inuit

    Inuit people mostly live up north in Canada, Greenland, and Alaska. With the population scattered across these three countries, The population in Canada is 50,480. In Alaska the population is 16,581. In Greenland the population is 51,365. The total population of Inuits is 118,426.
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    Conclusion

    By this time, you should know about the types of immigration, population, and FNMI trends. You should know what each trend is and what requirements you wuold need for each trend.