Pudu

By S.l

Description

  • Smallest deer in the world
  • Males have simple spiked short antlers
  • Weight: 6.5-3.5 kg
  • Length: 85 cm
  • Shoulder height: 35-45 cm
  • Mammal
  • Fawns have spotted white coats
  • " Short, glossy, reddish-brown to dark brown coat, with slightly lighter underparts and legs." (Arkive)

Food Chain and Habitat

  • Herbivore
  • Eats: leaves, twigs, bark, buds, fruit, fallen fruit, seeds, grass, vines, sprouts, and blossoms
  • Does not need to drink water occasionally because the water is provided in the food it eats
  • Occasionally goes into open space to feed
  • Not a predator
  • Lives in a temperate rainforest
  • Habitat contains: dense underbrush, bamboo thickets
  • Plants provide some protection from predators
  • Dwells in the "lower Andes mountains of southern Chile and Argentina" (MNZoo)
  • 16-26 hectare home range
  • Habitat has a "damp moderate winter and an arid summer" (Wikepedia)
  • Found on different elevations
  • Habitat has "mountain sides up to 1700 meters above sea level" (Arkive)

Adaptation


  • Short alarming barks when threatened
  • "If pursued, they will run in a zigzag pattern" (Asp.Found.)
  • Proficient climber, jumper, and sprinter to get away from predators
  • Stands on hind legs for food because of its small size
  • Fawns have spotted coats for camouflage
  • Fur bristles and shivers when angered
  • "Navigate rocks to escape predators" (MNZoo)
  • Climbs trees, bamboo stalks, and fallen trees to escape predators
  • Nocturnal animals

Reasons for Endangerment

  • "Introduction of alien species such as red deer... which the pudu now has to compete with for food" (Arkive)
  • Hunted for food
  • Domestic dogs prey on pudu
  • Domestic dogs also transmit parasites to the pudu
  • Destruction of habitat
  • Specially trained hunting dogs hunt down pudus for practice
  • People keep them as pets because of their small size
  • "Range has shrunk considerably due to logging, cattle ranching, and competition" (MNZoo)
  • Overpopulation

Critical Information

  • Many breeding programs at different zoos
  • National parks preserve them
  • Concepcion University in Chile is releasing a breeding program
  • Radio collars for tracking
  • Wildlife conservation society protects their natural habitat