The 14th Amendment
The state must treat individuals equaly
The 14th Amendment states that the state is not allowed to treat a person better or worst than another person. The 14th Amendment, is also in place as the equal protection clause. The Amendment was put into act not for equal treatment within classes, but for equal application of laws, within the government.
Section one states, any person born in the United States was a citizen of the U.S. and the state they were in. Section one of the 14th Amendment states that no state has the right to take away privileges from a person or rob them of life, liberty or property. Also, each person is entitled to equal protection of the law.
Due Process Clause:
This section of the Amendment protects the rights of the 1st Amendment. It protects a citizens right to a fair trial, this was put in place to especially enforce this right among individual states. This Amendment also, protects the rights of a person who may have been accused of a crime but never proven guilty.
Equal Protection Clause:
This section of the 14th Amendment was important in bringing the Confederacy back into America after the Civil War. This portion of the amendment states that discrimination among groups and classes is prohibited within the law. This amendment expands the protection against discrimination in state governments, this clause helped prevent the discrimination against the South at the end of the Civil War. After the war, there was much discrimination, therefore this clause was put into act, in order to bring unity back into the U.S. and end the war.
Imformation from: kids.laws.com