Modern Texas

Lessons at a Glance

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Soldiers in the War
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Soldiers being Selected and Trained

WORLD WAR I

2 Key People

President Woodrow Wilson was the president during the war. He helped prepare troops and battles.

Emiliano Carranza fought in the south of Mexico against Venustiano Carranza.

Countries At War

What caused America to enter the War?

The Texans found out about a plan that the Mexicans were going to team up with the Germans incase Germany and the U.S ever went to war, in return for land back from Texas. The Americans were outraged, and President Wilson decided to declare war.

How did Texans play an important role during the war?

The railroad network in Texas allowed soldiers to move around faster, and training camps were stationed near some Texan cities. The Texas National Guard helped during the war and there were many soldiers from Texas who fought.

How did World War I end?

In November 1918, Germany officially surrendered. All of the countries included in the war signed the Treaty of Versailles.

THE GREAT DEPRESSION

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Signs against the Depression
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Jobless people lining up for free food.

Herbert Hoover

Was the president in the United States in 1929. He did not belive that the Great Depressio would last long. Hoover blamed international economic problems and business practices. He al;slo did not think the federal governmebt should be involved.

How did FDR pull the country out of Depression?

He created relief for the poor, jobs for the unemployed, recovery for the economy, and economic reforms.

What caused the Dust Bowl?

Farmers overplanted wheat to keep up with consumer demand, which meant that when the wheat died there was nothing to hold the soil to the ground. There were severed droughts in the Great PLains and high winds. The wind would pick up the soil and create huge Dust Storms. The dust seeped into homes, suffocated livestock, and people developed lung problems. Many farmers gave up their land, and many farmers just left the Panhandle region.

Which New Deal programs were important to Texas?

A new Deal Program encouraged Texas farmers to adopt better farming practices. They were suggested to rotate crops rather than planting every year. They were also advised to plant more trees to protect against wind erosion.

How were Tenant farmers and Miners affected by the Great Depression?

Many sharecroppers did not seek federal help because they didn't think their situation was worse that it had been before. Many tenant farmers simply relocated in search of work.

WORLD WAR II

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A propaganda poster for WWII
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German Nazi troops.

2 Key People

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt

President Franklin Roosevelt was the current president a the time of the war.
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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler was the main opponent in World War II. He was the leader of the Nazi Germans.

Countries at War

How did Texas contribute to the nation’s military effort in fighting World War II?

Texans of all ethnic groups lined up at military recruiting centers after the Pearl Harbor attack. More Texans volunteered throughout the war. Most served in the Army and its air units, but about 25 percent were in the Navy, Marines, or Coast Guard.

How did life changed for Texans on the home front during World War II?

Women performed a variety of jobs including mixing gunpowder and loading shells, operating radios, and repairing trucks. Having women carry out these tasks allowed males to fill combat positions. There were over 1,000 volunteers who served in the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs). The WASPs played a vital role in the war. Pilots flew fighter planes and bombers from aircraft factories to U.S. military bases. They also towed targets, flew practice missions to train ground troops, and tested damaged warplanes.

How did WWII end?

Armies of the Soviet Union entered Germany from the east. British and American forces pushed in from the west. In May of 1945, German leader Adolf Hitler killed himself. Those who took control of the German government surrendered to the Allies soon after.