Battles of World War II

Vivian Chavira

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The Pacific Front

The Bataan Death March

U.S. and Filipino troops fought against the Japanese army on the Bataan peninsula, but after being cornered and suffering many losses and injuries, they surrendered. Soon after, the soldiers were forced to to march miles to imprisonment camps. During the journey, the Japanese inflicted harsh punishments on the American and Filipino troops, and killed about ten thousand people.

The Two-Pronged Attack Strategy and Island Hopping

The main strategy used in the war on the pacific front against the Japanese was the two-pronged attack. General Douglas MacArthur and Chester Nimitz came up with this plan in order to corner the Japanese troops and get close enough to Japan to launch a mainland invasion. MacArthur pushed from the North coast of Papua New Guinea, while Nimitz crossed through the central pacific by "hopping" from island to island, securing each from the Japanese as he went along.

The Battle of Midway

Only six months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japan planned an ambush on Midway in order to draw out the American fleet. However, the U.S. had cracked the Japanese fleet codes, which allowed them to plan a counterattack. By the end of the battle, Japan suffered a huge loss to their naval and air power, and the United States victory allowed the allied forces to go on the offensive against the Japanese.

Iwo Jima

In February of 1945, American troops made their way towards the island of Iwo Jima, looking for a place to set up a base for damaged planes could land near Japan. The battle lasted for over a month, with many casualties on both sides, but ultimately, the battle was an American victory.

Okinawa

The Battle of Okinawa was the bloodiest battle of the war in the Pacific, with tens of thousands of casualties on each side. The american forces had an especially hard time during the three month long fight because of Japanese defense lines, and kamikaze pilots, but eventually succeeded in occupying the island.
World War II in HD: Okinawa | History

The Flying Tigers

The Flying Tigers were a group of volunteer fighter pilots that were famous for their multiple victories against the Japanese during the war and the shark faced planes they flew in. They were essential in the protection of China against Japan.
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The European Front

Strategy

The allies worked on driving Germany out of the places it occupied in North Africa and the Mediterranean. They used the strategy of "closing the ring", where the allied powers closed in on Hitler from three sides. U.S. forces, lead by general Dwight D. Eisenhower, pushed the Germans out of North Africa, while Britain and America worked together to liberate France in the east, and the Soviet Union closed in from the west.

The Invasion of Normandy

On June 6th, 1994, Operation Overlord, planned with the help of the strategic military leader, George Marshall, took place on the shores of Normandy in France. The plan, under command of General Omar Bradley, was to corner Germany to end the war, while freeing France and all other territories occupied by Germany. Within three months of the operation, the allied forces had broken through past the German border and advanced towards Berlin.

The Battle of the Bulge

During the plan to invade Normandy, the Germans launched a counterattack against the allies, nearly wiping out the American troops. Thanks to George Patton moving the Third Army, the allies managed to overcome Germany, but with heavy losses.

The Fall of Berlin

Headed by the Soviet Union's Red Army, the allies marched towards Berlin to take the city and end the war in Europe. In just days, the Russians captured the city, but Hitler and many of his followers committed suicide before being caught.

The Navajo Code Talkers

During the war, the U.S. military needed a code that would be difficult to break, so they used the Native American Navajos to communicate messages back and forth, so the enemy couldn't understand their plans. Words in the Navajo language were used to replace military terms, since those words didn't exist normally.

The Tuskegee Airmen

The Tuskegee Airmen were African American aviator pilots that served during the war. These units were formed because segregation continued on, even in the military. The Tuskegee pilots were very distinguished for their many battles and accomplishments.