Hinduism

Chris Lopez

The world's third largest religion

Big image

Founder

  • Indus river valley civilization 5000 years ago
  • 2300-1500 BC
  • founder

mostly practiced in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.

Big image

Basic hinduism practice


  • The Four Yogas - seeking union with the divine
  • Karma Yoga – the path of action through selfless service (releases built up karma without building up new karma)
  • Jnana Yoga – the path of knowledge (understanding the true nature of reality and the self)
  • Raja Yoga – the path of meditation
  • Bhakti Yoga – the path of devotion
  • Guru – a spiritual teacher, especially helpful for Jnana and Raja yoga
  • Basic hinduism practice

Practices

  • practiced in a home with a shrine inside
  • in temples
  • practices

Karma (sin)

  • Karma in the Sanskrit language means actions or deeds.
  • Whether someone goes to heaven or hell depends on the type of karma accrued in the past life
  • karma

heaven

  • people that believe in Hinduism don't believe in heaven
  • believe in reincarnation
  • good life reincarnated into a good thing
  • bad life reincarnated into a bad thing
  • heaven

hell

  • People who have accumulated negative karma are sent to hell to purify their souls.
  • After the soul is purified, it is sent to another incarnation, such as a human or an animal.
  • hell

Creation

  • Brahma is the Creator and source of all creation
  • Vishnu is the Preserver and responsible for keeping all good things on earth
  • Shiva is the Destroyer and is needed because some things are harmful and because change is necessary for the creation of new things
  • In a Hindu sacred text creation is described as the breaking of an egg.
  • creation

Rich

  • Within Hinduism, wealth is regarded as a beneficial and positive value, just like love and morality
  • rich

poor

  • they give money to the poor
  • get food in hinduism temple for free to the poor
  • poor

Salvation

  • Over the centuries the salvation options in Hinduism have varied widely
  • SALVATION IN THE EARLY PERIODS OF HINDUISM (3500 B.C.-250 A.D.)

    salvation

Marriage

  • sacred relationship
  • not limited to this life alone
  • marriage

Abortion

  • he Hindu way is to choose the action that will do least harm to all involved: the mother and father, the foetus and society.

    abortion

Crash Course Hinduism

sacred texts

  • Shruti (“heard”) – oldest, most authoritative:
  • Four Vedas (“truth”) – myths, rituals, chants
  • Upanishads - metaphysical speculation
  • Smriti (“remembered”) – the Great Indian Epics:
  • Ramayana
  • Mahabharata (includes Bhagavad-Gita)
  • Plus others
  • sacred texts

Beliefs

  • One impersonal Ultimate Reality – Brahman
  • Manifest as many personal deities
  • True essence of life – Atman, the soul, is Brahman trapped in matter (“That art thou”)
  • Reincarnation – atman is continually born into this world lifetime after lifetime (Samsara)
  • Karma – spiritual impurity due to actions keeps us bound to this world (good and bad)
  • Ultimate goal of life – to release Atman and reunite with the divine, becoming as one with Brahman (Moksha)
  • beliefs