American Civil War North vs. South
Causes and during The Civil War. And North vs. South
Causes of The Civil War
Southern view: Because of Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin, the South made their economy a one-crop economy.
Northern view: Rather than agriculture, the North focused more on industry. Infact the North was actually purchasing the raw cotton from the South, turning it into finished goods, and then selling it again. This disperity between the economies was an obvioious fact of the twos seperation.
States vs. Federal rights:
Southern view: States' rights-The idea that states have the right to limit the power of the federal government. (in other words, more power to the states)
Northern view: Federal rights-The idea that the federal government should have more power over the states. (in other words, more power to the federal government)
Southern view: People in the South feared that the abolishment of slavery would send the South into bankrupt. Slavery, for the South was the thing keeping their economy going.
Northern view: Many people in the North opposed slavery. They felt it was wrong and inhuman.
Southern view: The South wanted lower taxes on foreign goods. Back then, it was cheaper to buy goods by sea. It cost more and was harder to trade goods by land.
Northern view: North wanted higher taxes on foreign goods. The North sold most of their goods by sea. They wanted the taxes to raise to make their goods more profitable.
Southern view: Farmers, rural, less educated
Northern view: Factory workers, urban, more educated
Shows the South economy wanted cotton for their one-crop economy.
Shows that the North's economy was more industry.
North and South
Shows the states of the Union and Confederacy.
Jefferson Davis: President of the Confederate States of America
Robert E. Lee: Main general for the Confederacy
Abraham Lincoln: President of the United States
Ullysses S. Grant: General for the Union
Advantages and disadvantages of the North and South.
North: 23 states and 22 million people
South: 11 states and 9 million people, 3,5 million slaves
North: 2.1 million in the army, 178,000 blacks fought, 130,000 came from the South
South: 600,000-1.5 million (estimated)
North: President: Abraham Lincoln-Had good reputation and supported the end of slavery
Army Leader: Ulysses S. Grant-Experienced, and great general that made Lee surrender at Appomattox
South: Jefferson Davis-Bad reputation, even from the south
Army Leader: Robert E. Lee-Also experienced, and great general
Other Advantages for the North:
- Industrial power
- More wealth
- More railroads
- Controlled ships
Other Disadvantages for the North:
- Weak motivation
- Unaggressive officers
- Harder to defend coastlines
- Far from home
- More land to defend
Other Advantages for the South:
- Other outstanding generals
- Strong military tradition
- Strong motivation
- Skilled with guns
- Cotton funding
Other Disadvantages for the South:
- Low value paper money