French VS Russian Revolution
by Morgan Livengood
What life was like before the revolution
French- Before, a small percentage of the population compromised of the clergy and a few nobles were known to be a quite wealthy and lived a luxurious lifestyle.
Russian- For Upper Class, life was wonderful they lived in huge palaces with every luxury imaginable. For most of the poor people it was awful, they had to buy their freedom and most were still in debt.
Who was involved? Why was the revolution the only option?
French- The French Revolution was a war led by the French people against the monarchy. King Louis XVI tried to show leadership but he made mistakes and taxed his people heavily. It was necessary because the people didn't want to pay for the Kings mistakes.
Russian- The Russian Revolution of 1917 involved the collapse of an empire led by Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian Socialism. In March of 1917, food shortage and civil unrest led to abdiaction of Tsar Nicholas II. Months later the provisional government was overthrown by the Bolsheviks led by Vladmir Lenin
People involved in French Revolution
Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
King Louis XVI
Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, also known as Louis Capet, was King of France from 1774 until his deposition in 1792, although his formal title after 1791 was King of the French. He was guillotined on 21 January 1793
As Queen of France, Marie Antoinette had no official role and no legitimate political power — her main job was to produce a male heir to continue her husband's royal line.
King Louis XVI
People involved in Russian Revolution
He was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as head of government of the Russian Republic from 1917 to 1918.
Tsar Nicholas II
He was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced out of ruling on 15 March 1917.
Joseph Stalin was appointed General Secretary of the party's Central Committee in 1922.
Tsar Nicholas II
How did they organize? Were there leaders?
Russian-During this time, urban workers began to organize into councils(Russian: Soviet) wherein revolutionaries criticized the provisional government and its actions
How did enlightenment ideas influence the revolution?
French-the Enlightenment influenced the French Revolution was by challenging the monarchy and the wealthiest classes.
Russian- was a period in the 18th century in which the government began to actively encourage the proliferation of arts and sciences, which had a profound impact on Russian culture.
How did they overthrow?
French-The king, queen and their children tried to escape but the were captured. They were brought back to Paris. The new legislative assembly, which met as soon as the king accepted the constitution, they still wanted to keep the monarchy. The Republic sentiment, however increased rapidly as the kings weakness became more apparent.
Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution took place as forces led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin overthrew the provisional government of Alexander Kerensky. The provisional government came to power after the February Revolution resulted in the Russian monarchy being overthrown in March 1917.
How did the government respond?
French- The government still stood on their feet to fight against the citizen of their country. They tried their best to hold their ground and not let the citizens take over but they still lost. After the citizens took over everyone voted for king Louis XVI to be executed because of him being a traitor and trying to run from his own country to another country to hide.
Russian-Lenin, a Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Bolshevik Party, had been exiled by the monarchy, but returned to Russia in April to incite workers and soldiers to rise up against the government
How was the government the same or different following the revolution?
French- On September 21, 1792, a decree was passed that "royalty was abolished in France" and a republic was proclaimed. 4 months later, on January 21, 1793 King Louis XVI was sent to the guillotine.
Russian- In the second revolution that October, the Provisional government was replaced with a communist. state.