Causes of the American Revolution
Hanna Kang 1763-1776
This was an act where the parliament put mercantilism into actual practice. This act was put into action in 1650 in the colonies. Under this act, the colonists had to follow two rules regarding trading goods. When trading goods, it had to be conducted by colonial ships or the English. The second rule was that certain items had to be shipped somewhere in the empire and trades destined for somewhere outside the empire had to be shipped to England first.
The Proclamation of 1763
After the French and Indian War, King George III came up with the Proclamation of 1763. This proclamation allowed Indian's rights to land, and this prohibited the colonists from settling west of the Appalchian Mountains. This made the colonists very mad because they wanted to live on the land without the British among them. King George III came up with the Proclamation of 1763 to avoid problems with the American Indians.
The Stamp Act
In 1765, the Parliament made the Stamp Act in the colonies. This act taxed anything on paper, and on that paper, the colonists had to buy a stamp or seal. The Parliament made this act to raise money for the debt that they were in after the French and Indian War. The colonists got very angered, so they came up with many ways to protest. A popular protest was boycotting, and this is when people refused to buy any goods. The Stamp Act Congress met up in New York to discuss this, and they came up with an idea to send a letter to King George III. The King had no choice but to repeal this act.
The Quartering Act
After the Stamp Act protests, the King sent even more British soldiers to keep order of the colonies. The British Parliament also made another act, the Quartering Act of 1765. This act required the colonists to house and take care of British soldiers. Colonists did not like this at all, and there were two big issues. The first one was that the colonists didn't like having soldiers with writs of assistance. The second problem was that housing soldiers was very costly.
The Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767. This act made the colonists pay for taxes on imported goods such as, tea, glass, and paper. The colonists boycotted to this act too, a group of women called the Daughters of Liberty made their own cloth instead of buying British cloth. By 1770, the parliament repealed most of the taxes except for the tax in tea. The British wanted to show the colonists that they still had the power to tax. The Sons of Liberty protested with violence and attacked the British and tax collectors. Britain sent even more British soldiers to the colonies.
The Boston Massacre happened on Mach 5, 1770 in Boston. Colonists being angered by the British soldiers is what led to this massacre. A big group of colonists surrounded the British soldiers because they were angered, and it started getting more and more crowded. The colonists were yelling insults and throwing stuff at the British soldiers. When it started getting very chaotic the shots were fired. This massacre ended up with five people getting killed. Samuel Adams used this massacre as a propaganda and shared this incident with other people through the Committees of correspondence.
Tea Act & Boston Tea Party
The Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773, and this act made the British East India Company the only company to sell tea to the colonies. People refer this as a monopoly over tea. The cost of the tea was a lot lower, but the colonists were angered that they had to pay import taxes to Britain. As a protest, the colonial merchants denied to sell the tea to the colonists or unload the tea from British ships. The Daughters of Liberty also attempted to make their own tea. On December 16, 1773, some of the Sons of Liberty dressed as American Indians boarded the British ships and dumped 342 crates of British tea into the harbor. This protest is known as the Boston Tea Party.
Coercive Act (Intolerable Act)
The Boston Tea Party made Britain furious. Parliament passed laws called the Coercive Acts in 1774, but the colonists called it the Intolerable Acts because the laws were so harsh. The laws stopped all town meetings from happening, didn't allow trade between Boston and Britain, gave British the control of the colony, and it strengthened the Quartering Act. These laws were to make sure that the colonists weren't planning an other attacks, and this made the colonists pay for all of the British tea that they dumped. Since the colony couldn't trade, this impacted the colony's economy a lot. The other colonies wanted to support Boston, so they sent goods. This stirred revolutionary spirit throughout all of the colonies.
The American Revolution
The American Revolution was a time period where the colonists rebelled against the British and their monarchy. Because of the colonists protests, the British came up with many laws to punish them and to show the colonists that they had power. The social cause of the American Revolution was the fact that the British tried to rule over the colonies. They started off by taxing the colonists because they were in debt from the French and Indian War. The economic policies that led to the revolution was the taxes. Britain started taxing the colonists with stamps and seals. No, I don't think the colonists were justified in declaring independence from England because the colonists had no say in any of the laws they made. The British/parliament was against everything that the colonies did, and when colonists tried to suggest or repeal something, the parliament would do the exact opposite and send even more British soldiers to the colonies.