Proud and Shame

Of America


The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services.

Haymarket Square

Because of the low wages and the high rent, people wanted to change that by protesting and going on strike. In 1886, there was a meeting for strikers at Haymarket square, Chicago. The police there, began to move people. An anarchist, people who advocate self-governed societies, throw a bomb into the crowd, this was a massacre.

I'm ashamed by this event, because, in addition of the people died because of this violence, this event divided the mentality of people. The strikers didn't want to use such a violence to express what they want. And non-strikers were shocked and didn't want to support the strikers.

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The Bessemer Process

This process was an industrial process, inexpensive, for the production of steel in mass. From the iron, we remove impurities by oxidation. This process is named after Henry Bessemer, who took out a patent.

This process permitted the construction of higher buildings and longer bridges. This change the life in America.

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Indian Wars

In 1622, there was many conflits between the Native people and the American settlers, the cause of those conflicts were the competition for the ressources. The Settler population extend their territory, pushing away the Natives. The war, was also between the colonist people, who was from different european country. In some cases, the Natives helped some colonist to fight against others.

This is a shame, that people arrive in a new territory, and destroy everything on their way, to gain more and more power.

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The action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.

Chinese Exclusion Act

This was a law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882. It was one of the most significant restrictions on free immigration in history. This, Prohibited all immigrants of Chinese Labor.

I'm ashamed that America refused the Chinese to come on the US territory, but accept the people from Europe.

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Rising Money

The Chinese who could go into the US territory worked in dangerous area, like working on the railroads, to raise money and send it to their family still in china, to bring them over.

If there wasn't the Chinese Exclusion Act, the Chinese wouldn't have to work in danger places to bring their family in America.

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New Immigrants

The new immigrants who arrive in America, southern eastern Europe, were poor, didn't how to speak english, they were unskilled, not protestant, and most of them didn't know how to read and write their own language.

The new immigrants didn't assimilate to the American way of life, and it created community. The immigrant from a same country, stayed all together in the same area, speaking their language and not learning english.

I'm proud they tried to americanized them, try to make them more american. But not "destroying" their cultures, juste make them assimilate to their new country. But now we have interesting neighborhood, like little Italy, or Chinatown.

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Urbanization is the process where an increasing percentage of a population lives in cities and suburbs. This process is often linked to industrialization and modernization, as large numbers of people leave farms to work and live in cities.

Political Machines

Political machines were organization that provided social services and jobs in exchange for votes. The machines were run by Party Boss. The machines made sure that the poor has what they needed, also making sure the poor voted for their candidates.

People were elected by buying the votes to the poor. It's helped the immigrants to start their new life, but the politics were only elected, by how much they buy and how rich they were.

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Infrastructure Cost

The population growth, just as the cities. Thank to the Bessemer process there is more buildings, bridges, trolley cars, elevators... Even if the Bessemer Process is an inexpensive process the cost of all this modification in cities cost a lot to America.

I think that the cost was really high, it's shame when we that people were starving in the street, they could have use some of the money to help all this people.

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Tenement House

A tenement house is substandard, run-down multy family dwelling in the urban core, usually old and occupied by the poor. The families were living, eating, sleeping in the same room. The diseases spread really quickly, this was not healthy.

People shouldn't ever live in a tenement house, it was awful, but they didn't have enough money to have their own, clean houses.

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Progressivism is a broad philosophy on the idea of progress, which asserts that advancement in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to improve the human condition.

19th Amendments

The women's suffrage movement began in 1848 at Seneca Falls convention, but only became a national right in 1920.

I'm proud that the Women got the right to vote in America, but I'm ashamed that they had to fight so long and so much to obtain this right. Women should had this right just as the men got it.

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Income Tax

The income tax is a tax that increase depending on how much money you make. Basically it is "the more you make, the more you pay."

I think it is a good system, because more you make money, more you can afford to pay, but if you don't make money at all, you can't afford to pay as much as the richer does.

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Jacob Riis

Jacob Riis was a photographer and journalist who write a book call "How the other half lives," this book is about the condition of the urban poor. Riis was an immigrant in 1870 and had hard time, that's why he is so concerned about the poor people.

He was named a Muckraker, this was the name give the journalists and writer who expose the society problems, like corruptions in politics o business or poverty, during the 20th century.

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A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

The Monroe Doctrine

The Monroe Doctrine was a US foreign policy about the domination of the continent. It was saying that if European nations attempt to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as act of agression, and the US would intervene. This doctrine is good for the country, because it avoid the territory sort of conflicts, between Europe and US.

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Alaska Purchase

In 1867, the Secretary of State, Willian Seward negotiated to buy the Alaska to the Russian. He had some trouble to persuade the american senate, they thought this land would be useless, and didn't worth it, they finally accept, and Seward reached an agreement to purchase Alaska for $7.2 million.

They finally discover that, this land was full of natural ressources. And the land became very useful to the US.

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The US extend their territory on the island like Hawaii. These Island were full of new ressources, like its soil, very fertile. The americans were very interest by this island. But they didn't really care about the natives there. They just did their business and eject the queen of this island to put an american "president."

They shouldn't have done that, this is not respectful and it's violent.

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World War I

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

The Sink of the Lusitania

On May 7, 1915, a U-boat sank the British liner Lusitania without warning. Among the 1.198 dead were 128 americans. Germany tried to absolve itself from blame by arguing that the ship was armed and was carrying ammunitions. Teddy Roosevelt denounced the Germany's actions as "murder on high seas." This was one of the cause of the entry of American in the war. I think the american did the right thing by going into the war, because it helps the British and the French to win the war.

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War Bonds

War bonds are debt securities issued by a government to finance military operations and other expenditure in times of war. The bonds also remove money from circulation and thus help to control inflation. That was a good thing, it permit the people who can't enlist to still be a part of the war effort.

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Hate the Hun

'Hun' was a derogatory nickname to describe the German army, used by the British and Americans during the war. The posters were propaganda, to push the men to get into the army and fight for their country. The use of this propaganda gain to the army a lot of soldier. They had hate for the German an were ready to fight.
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