The news bulletin

Hailey Livin, Editor-in-Chief

Devils in charge on Angel Island

Angel Island, San Francisco Bay, USA- It's 1910 and many newcomers are arriving on Angel Island. Many immigrants have been able to pass through this Island rather quickly, but for many Chinese immigrants, this was not an easy task.

Almost every Chinese immigrants were detained for weeks or even months on the island, waiting patiently to find out if they could stay or not.

The people who were detained on Angel Island faced prison like conditions, they were almost always locked away in barracks to keep them from escaping. The immigrants were only allowed to leave their barracks and go outside for recreation, but they were always being watched by supervisors.

When the Chinese immigrants would get bored, they would write poems about how awful life on Angel Island was.

For the immigrants who did make it off of Angel Island successfully, they moved to the US and yet another problem was faced by the immigrants, they had to face poverty, and discrimination for a long time.

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Progressively Taking Over The World

Puerto Rico/Cuba/USA- Soon after the Spanish-American War, The United States began to slowly take control over any place it could. One of these places was Latin America. In order to restore order in Cuba and Puerto Rico after the war, and to protect American investments, President William McKinley set up a military government on each island.

Leonard Wood (Governor of Cuba in 1899) oversaw the drafting of a new Cuban constitution in 1901. The US had already used the Teller Amendment of 1898 to declare that they would not annex Cuba.

But after the Spanish-American War, the US feared that other imperialist nations might try to take over Cuba or even undercut American business interests there.

As a result of these events, the US forced Cuba to include the Platt Amendment as part of it's new constitution. The Platt Amendment limited Cuba's ability to sign treaties with other nations. But at the same time, it gave the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs. The Platt Amendment also required Cuba to to sell or lease land to the US for naval and coaling stations.

The last clause led to the establishment of the US naval base at Guantanamo Bay.

The Platt Amendment made Cuba a US protectorate or a country under the control and protection of another country. After Cuba accepted the Platt Amendment, US troops finally left them alone. Even though the Amendment was eventually repealed, the US kept it's lease on the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.

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Waste Not, Want Not

USA- During WWI, troops needed more food, so to make sure that the troops had enough food and supplies, Congress passed the Lever Food and Fuel Control Act. This law gave the Government the power to set any price they wanted on any food and establish production controls for food and for the fuels needed to run machines used in the military.

Wilson's administration also created agencies to manage and increase food production. Herbert Hoover led the Food Administration, whose slogan was "Food Can Win the War." Hoover's goals were to increase the production of crops as much as possible and conserve existing food supplies for the military and for American allies.

However, in order to encourage wartime production, he promised farmers higher prices for their crops and farm production soared through the roof.

Hoover asked Americans to plant vegetables at home and call them "Victory gardens." He also urged Americans to eat less by participating in "Meatless Mondays" and "Wheatless Wednesdays." Hoover's efforts paid off big time. By 1918 the US had so much surplus food that it exported three times as much food as it had before the war.

Another way to conserve food supplies was a prohibition, or ban, on alcohol. Most alcohol is made with food crops such as grapes and wheat. A while after entering the war, Congress limited the alcohol content of wine and beer so that these crops could be used for food production instead.

Some progressives tried to discourage Americans from drinking beer by linking German Americans to the brewing industry. The progressives hoped that anti-German feelings would lead Americans to stop drinking beer. In 1919 the Eighteenth Amendment was ratified, banning the "Manufacture, sale, or transportation" of alcohol in the US. In 1919 Congress passed the Volstead Act, giving the government the authority to enforce this prohibition of alcohol.

CLASSIFIEDS

FOR SALE- Slightly used 1877 Edison record player, listen to music, speeches, talk-shows, and more! Being sold for $18 in cash


WANTED- Barbed wire, will pay $1.62 for every 300 yards given


SERVICES-


FOR SALE- Long sleeved/ Long skirted dresses, anyone who wants a vintage dress, they're being sold for $3.90! Hurry!


WANTED- An 1876 Edison Telephone, will pay $20.00 in cash for one in good condition


SERVICES-

The Lusitania Sinks!

May 7th, 1915, New York City, New York- On May 1st, 1915, The Lusitania left NYC bound for Liverpool. Though unknown to her passengers, it was no secret to the Germans that she was carrying hidden cargo that consisted of munitions and contraband destines for the British war effort.

Because she was the fastest ship afloat, the luxurious liner felt secure and safe in the belief that she could easily outdistance any submarine.

On May 7th, 1915, The Lusitania neared the coast of Ireland. At 2:10 p.m. a torpedo fired by the German submarine, U 20, slammed into her side.

An unknown second explosion ripped the liner apart. Within 18 minutes, the Lusitania had sunk. 1,119 of the 1,924 people aboard died. 114 of them were Americans.

Walter Schwieger, the captain of the U boat, wrote in his log, "The ship stops immediately and heals over to starboard quickly, immersing simultaneously at the bow. It appears as if the ship were going to capsize very shortly. Great confusion is rife on board; the boats are made ready and some of them lowered into the water. In connection therewith great panic must have reigned; some boats, full to capacity are rushed from above, touch the water with either stem or stern first and founder immediately."

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Charlie Chaplin's Newest Movie!

It's 1923 and Charlie Chaplin has surprised us all with yet another movie that everyone is just itching to see!

But he is not the main star in this film! He's the director of this new dramatic and romantic film, A Woman Of Paris.

This film stars Edna Purviance, Clarence Geldart, and Carl Miller.

A Woman Of Paris is about two people named Jean and Marie, who decide against their parents wishes to go to Paris. The sudden death of Jean's father makes it impossible for him to meet Marie at the station, and Marie heads to Paris alone. A year later, Jean finds her in the arms of a rich and decadent playboy, and tragedy ensues.

The Gilded Age

California

California (CA)

Capital: Sacramento

Nickname: "The Golden State"


About 700 people killed by this earthquake, Recorded as one of the most significant earthquakes of all time.

Progressive/ Imperialism era

Massachusetts

Massachusetts (MA)

Capital: Boston

Nickname: "The Nature State"


First game of basketball ever played in Sprinfield