History of China
4 Modernizations,Deng Xiaoping,and Tiananmen Square Massacre
The Tiananmen Square Massacre
The Tiananmen Square Massacre was June 3rd, 1989. Chinese military tanks rolled in for a barbarous military operation to crush a democratic protest. Several hundred people were killed. The Chinese military randomly shot at unarmed civilians and protesters. The protests had started with a march in memory of Hu Yaobang, who had recently died. Then, millions of people joined in, asking for democracy. George Bush was the president of the United States during this time. He said he "deeply deplored the use of force". Many people died and many leaders of different nations were shocked that so much force was used to crush the protest and the protesters.
The 4 Modernizations
The 4 modernization's specializes in agriculture, industry, science, and defense. During this time farmers were given more control over what they decided to produce, and they were allowed to sell surplus products and keep the profits. Also, there was money made available for newer and better farming equipment . Continuing during this time, the industry shifted from heavy industries like iron and steel to get more consumer goods. Factory workers and managers made more decisions towards the running of factories. The new methods of production required new training, so their investment was in human capital of China. But, today China's government continues to be growing stronger, which means they have a higher standard of living. Another, one big change that has happened has been the new technology for China, and their consumer goods have sold well in the world market.
Deng Xiaoping was a communist Chinese revolutionary. He was born on August 22, 1904. When Mao Zedong died, Deng took over the market economy. He was born into a peasant life. When Deng was in power, he said, "Class struggle was no longer the central focus". He opened China to foreign investment and the global market. He is commonly given credit for developing China into one of the fastest growing economies in the world for over 35 years and raising China's standard of living. Deng Xiaoping died on February 19th, 1997.