First Grade Phonics Instruction
Small Group Instruction
4 Components of a Small Group Lesson
- Phonemic Awareness
- Phonics with Blending
- Spelling with Writing
- Decodable Text
1. Phonemic Awareness---Small group instruction should begin with a phonemic awareness activity.
Phonemic Awareness Can Be Developed Through Activities
- Identify and categorize sounds
- Blend sounds to form words
- Delete or add sounds to form new words
- Substitute sounds to make new words
Phonemic Awareness Instruction Is Most Effective When--
- Students are taught to manipulate phonemes by using alphabet letters.
- Instruction focuses on only one or two rather than several types of phoneme manipulation.
- Phonemic instruction is taught in Kindergarten or First Grade.
Phonemic Awareness Instruction Basics
Children who cannot hear and work with the phonemes of spoken words will have difficult time learning how to relate these phonemes to graphemes (A letter of an alphabet, or all of the letters and letter combinations that represent a phoneme, as f, ph, and gh for the phoneme-American Heritage Dictionary) when they see them in written words. Early readers can show they have phonemic awareness in several ways:
- recognizing which words in a set of words start with the same sound
- isolating and saying the first or last sound in a word
- combining or blending the separate sounds in a word in order to say the word
- breaking up or segmenting a word into its separate sounds.
Examples of Phonemic Awareness Skills
- Blending: What word am I trying to say? Nnnnn-oooo--t.
- Segmentation (first sound isolation): What is the first sound in not?
- Segmentation (last sound isolation): What is the last sound in not?
- Segmentation (complete): What are all the sounds you hear in not?