The Haitian Revolution (1794-1804)

primary source: PBS The Haitian Revolution & digital history

Who Revolted?

French citizens and slaves came together to fight Spain in the French colony of Saint-Domingue.

Why did they revolt?

They didn't want slavery anymore and wanted to free the slaves. There was a huge uprising on nationalism.

How did they organize?

When France and all the slaves there came together, Spain knew they had no chance so they just gave up.

How did the people overthrow the government?

When the slaves joined France, they knew it was over because there were thousands against of them against the Spanish army.

How did the government fight back?

They initially fought back.

How was the government the same or different following the revolution?

Spain gave France power.


“It is Toussaint's supreme merit that while he saw European civilisation as a valuable and necessary thing, and strove to lay its foundations among his people, he never had the illusion that it conferred any moral superiority. He knew French, British, and Spanish imperialists for the insatiable gangsters that they were, that there is no oath too sacred for them to break, no crime, deception, treachery, cruelty, destruction of human life and property which they would not commit against those who could not defend themselves.”
C.L.R. James, The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution

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