The Mir Space Station

Learn about the history of this space station by Natalia!

INTRODUCTION

The Mir Space Station from Russia spent 15 years in orbit; that is three times its planned lifetime! The Mir grew the first crop of wheat to be grown seed to seed in outer space, that's pretty cool. For the people of Russia, the name "Mir" held meaning, feeling, and also history, but when translated to English, it means "world", "peace", and "village".



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Historically, after the Edict of Emancipation, “Mir” referred to a Russian peasant community that owned its own land. In fact, a system of state-owned collective farms replaced the Mir after the Russian revolution of 1917, but in my opinion, the Mir is still the most fascinating ship.


CREW

The Mir took 10 long years to build, and when the module was finally built, the Mir module took off February 20, 1986. The first crew to get on the Mir was Leonid Kizim and Vladymir Solovyov, (left the Earth March 13, 1986, and came back May 6th, 1986) and they spent approximately 75 days aboard the Mir. The Mir had lots of cosmonauts aboard the Mir, and up to six people could go on the Mir; seven of those people were American who spent 32 months aboard the Mir.



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Lots of other astronauts soon came aboard the Mir, and some even stayed on the Mir for missions lasting six months or even a year! A record set by a crew member in 1987 (326 days on the Mir) was broken by two other cosmonauts who spent 366 days in December 1988, but this was also broken by Valery Polyakov who returned to Earth on March 22, spending 438 days on the Mir


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ABOUT THE MIR

The Mir traveled at an average speed of 17,885 mph, orbiting about 250 miles above Earth. The Mir was home and also shelter to its crews and had these following parts: living quarters, a transfer compartment, an intermediate compartment, an assembly compartment, and lots of other things that helped the people aboard the mir. The crews were launched by using Soyuz rockets and capsules carrying food, fuel, water, and other supplies, so the crews could live there without being stranded, sick, are go hungry during their mission to the Mir.
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Mir Space Station Tour
The Mir’s mass was 130,000-140,000 kilograms! The velocity of the Mir was 28, 163 km/hr or 17,499 miles/hr. The Mir had seven models: the Mir core, Kvant, Kvant 2, Kristall, Spektr, Priroda, and also the Docking modules, all of which case was very helpful.
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THE END OF THE MIR

The Russian space agency could no longer afford to maintain the Mi, so NASA and the Russians had plan to get rid of the Mir and junk it and concentrate on the ISS (International Space Station). But a private moment called “Keep Mir Alive!” and a company called “MirCorp” publicly said that they would repair the Mir as well as privatize (making the company private) the old space station. However, the Russian Space Agency decided that on November 16, 2000, they were going to bring the Mir back to Earth.
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In February 2001, The Mir’s rockets were fired to slow down, but when the Mir re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere on March 23, 2001, it burned and broke up and debris crashed in the in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,000 miles (1,667 kilometers) east of Australia. That right there marked the end of the greatest first permanent space station.


A Simulation of Mir Space Station Deorbiting and crashing
Mir deorbit and re-entry

HOW IT AFFECTED THE PEOPLE

The Mir Space Station came crashing down upon Australia’s Taco Bell in Sydney, Australia, killing four people and putting 19 people out of work. "I was driving me four-by to get me a Chalupa, when suddenly the Sheila working the winda was gone, and I was looking right at the hammer n'sickle emblem on the side of that there spaceship,"said Mikey Gladstone
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