The Government

By: T.J. Farrier

John Locke

John Locke believed that people were born with rights no matter where they lived. One of those rights was the pursuit of happiness. He also believed that government has no other end, but the preservation of property.

Karl Marx

Karl Marx believed that There were 6 different stages of government including Primitive Communism, Slave Society, Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism, and Communism. He had made many books about his beliefs of government and only 1 got published in his lifetime and the others after he died.

The types and stages of government

Stage 1 Primitive communisum

In primitive communism everyone shared what each other had and needed. The men hunted and the women gathered. The oldest or best hunter was in charge. This is a hunter and gathering economy. What caused this stage to end was that people learned that they could grow plants and not go out and look for them, this is called agriculture or Ag for short. This lead to private property were their crops grew. They also learned that they could domesticate animals.

Stage 2 Slave Society

Now that there is private property the people who owned the land needed workers to harvest the crops without having to pay them. These people are called slaves. A part about slaves was that if they worked their entire lives the rest of their family wouldn't become slaves. The way people got more slaves was that if they conquered more land they got the slaves that had been on that land. What ended slave societies is that people ran out of slaves.

Stage 3 Feudelisum

Feudalism is a social system in which relationships are based on land and military. There are now classes in which people are separated the royals were on top, loyals next, knights, and then last peasants. the peasants were the workers. The peasants believed that they could move up classes which was possible, but it was next to impossible. What caused Feudalism to move to the next stage was the new stage called merchants which were wealthy, but not loyal and this new class didn't fit into the system.

Stage 4 Capitalisum

Now the workers are paid to work, but very little. The owners of the businesses were only focused on profit. If a worker complained then they would fire them and get a new worker to work for even less money than the person before. This was the reason that we moved on to the next stage since the workers weren't getting enough payment.

Stage 5 Socialisum

This is the last real stage of government. This stage the workers own the businesses and are all paid more equally. The economy is more based on need, then making profit. socialism is also the first step of communism.

Stage 6 the Final Stage Communism

This stage is only a theory. Countries have tried to do communism, but it still wasn't full communism. In this stage everyone works there is no government, currency, or no classes. Since there is no currency everything is provided for you.

Social structures

Democracy

In Democracy everyone is represented and has an equal say. Some countries that have Democracy are Norway, Sweden, and Iceland.

Republic

Republic is when People elect others to represent them and decisions. Some countries that have a Republican social structures are United States of America, Uganda, and Uruguay.

Totalitarian

Totalitarian is when one party has complete control. Some countries that have Totalitarian social structures are North Korea, Iraq, and China.

Dictatorship

Dictatorship is when one absolute leader is in control and the people follow him blindly. An example of a Dictator is Adolf Hitler.

Theocracy

Theocracy is when government is controlled and based on religion of the controlling group. A example of a country that had a Theocratic government is Saudi Arabia.

Monarchy

Monarchy is when rule and decision making made by one individual and is passed down by family member to family member. An example of a country that had Monarchy is Thailand.

Economic systems/structures

Socialism

Socialism is when a social organization that proposes that production, distribution, and exchange of goods or wealth should be owned or regulated.

Communisum

When a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and their needs.

Capitalisum

A country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners' rather than by state.