Green Sea Turtle

AN ENDANGERED ANIMAL OF THE OCEAN

Description

  • reptile
  • can grow to 5 feet long, 700 pounds
  • scaly, green skin
  • olive/brown shell
  • communicate with physical motions
  • largest among sea turtles
(NG)

Adaptation

  • thick skin, strong shell for protection
  • seeks protection onshore


  • breathes from surface to supply oxygen for vigorous activity
  • hooked beak for eating plants
(MB)


  • wide flippers
  • proportionally small head better for swimming quickly
(NG)

Habitat

  • warm, tropical areas
  • lives along Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans
  • coastal waters, regions along equator
  • lives in water, except for brief periods on land
(NG)

Food Chain

Prey:

  • crustaceans (crabs) from sea floor
  • cnidarians (jellyfish) drifting in deeper waters
  • sea kelp and sea grasses growing on sea floor


Predators for hatchlings:


  • crabs, gulls (on land)
  • crabs, large fish (in water)


Predators for adults:


  • sharks

(NQ)

Endangerment

Reasons for endangerment:


  • hunted for meat, eggs, shell, skin
  • boat propeller accidents
  • fishnet-caused drowning
  • ocean pollution
  • destruction of nesting grounds
  • climate change
(WWF)

Conservation

  • raising awareness
  • predicting areas boats should avoid
  • government funding
  • rangers being trained to monitor nesting grounds
  • developing alternatives to turtle-poaching businesses
(WWF)
Sea Turtle at Lady Elliot Island
Matthew Ridley. "Sea Turtle at Lady Elliot Island."

Works Cited for Photos:

Dunne, Andrew. Deep blue dash explored. 2009. Photograph. University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia. Web. 11 Apr 2013. <http://www.uq.edu.au/graduatecontact/2009/regulars/cutting-edge-regulars/deep-blue-dash-explored/>.


Freund , Jürgen. Green Turtle. 2013. Photograph. World Wildlife FundWeb. 11 Apr 2013. <http://worldwildlife.org/species/green-turtle>.


Spears, Dieter. Turtle and dugong footage causes controversy. 2012. Photograph. Australian Geographic, Queensland, Australia. Web. 11 Apr 2013. <http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/journal/turtle-and-dugong-footage-causes-controversy.htm>.