Cameron Webber

All about Solomon

The third king of ancient Israel. He ruled from about 965 B.C. until his death. Solomon was the son of King David and Bathsheba. David had unified Israel and conquered many of its neighboring states. Solomon ruled this extensive kingdom, apparently without using military force.

Information about Solomon came directly from the bible. He was an international leader who reorganized and developed the large kingdom his father had conquered. Solomon apparently ruled with great diplomacy and personal wisdom. His reputation as a wise man probably comes from his skill in dealing with a variety of people in various difficult situations. According to a tradition that developed after the Biblical period, he composed many songs and proverbs as well as three books of the Hebrew Bible—Ecclesiastes, Proverbs, and the Song of Solomon.

He reorganized the various government departments his father had established. He also organized Israel into 12 districts, appointing his own prefect (governor) for each one. Solomon helped establish peace on Israel's borders. According to the Bible, he carried out this policy by marrying or taking as mistresses many women from nearby states.