Motherboard

the computer

CPU

CPU is the abbreviation for central processing unit (the processor). The CPU is the brains of the computer where most calculations take place.Central Processing Unit.

CPU Fan (cooler)

The simplest cooler is an aluminum heat sink, which absorbs and disperses the heat. Fans and Heat Sinks Together. This Chip Coolers fan sits on top of a heat sink to cool a hot-running CPU chip.

Southbridge

Southbridge is a reference to a chipset on a PC motherboard. It is a group of microchips designed for a single function and manufactured as a single unit. This chipset controls or manages input and output (I/O). Examples of I/O interface connections controlled by southbridge are USB, serial, IDE and ISA.

Northbridge

The Northbridge is the controller that interconnects the CPU to memory via the frontside bus (FSB). It also connects peripherals via high-speed channels such as AGP and PCI Express. The Northbridge may include a display controller, obviating the need for a separate display adapter.

VGA Port

A Video Graphics Array (VGA) connector is a three-row 15-pin DE-15 connector. The 15-pin VGA connector is found on many video cards, computer monitors, and high definition television sets. On laptop computers or other small devices, a mini-VGA port is sometimes used in place of the full-sized VGA connector.

DVI PORT

Short for Digital Visual Interface.With televisions, HDMI is the most common connector. But if you want to connect a computer to your TV (or you've got a new computer monitor), the options tend to be HDMI, DisplayPort, DVI, and sometimes old-school VGA.