Wolfs In the Wild!

Learn more about wolfs and their behavior.

Lesson Objective:

Our lesson objective is to let our students understand more about wolfs and their behavior. They will also learn how to react if they see a wolf in the wild. They will learn more about wolfs and their natural habitats and behavior.

What would you do if you ran into a wolf in the wild?

Let's continue on to to learn more about wolfs. The way to get out safety is to learn more about them. Pay attention because theirs a small quiz at the end. Let's begin...

How scientists classify wolfs.

Kingdom: Animalia(All animals)

Phylum: Chlordata(Animals with backbones)

Class: Mammalian(All mammals)

Order: Carnivora(Carnivorus animals)

Family: Canidae (Dog like mammals)

Genus: Canis(Dogs)

Species: Lupus(Gray wolves)

Rufus(Red wolves)

Lycaon(Some scientists think as a subspecies of gray wolves)

*Wolf's scientific name is "Canis Lupus". The name is in Latin.

Wolf's behavior:

Pup Development

1.Neonatal Period: Birth to eye open(12-14 days) and period of maximal growth.
  • *Will feed four or five times a day for periods of three to five minutes.
  • *Average females gain 2.6 lbs. and males 3.3 lbs. per week for the next 14 weeks.

  • 2.Transitional Period: Eye Opening to 20-24 days.

  • *Milk incisors present at 15 days; can eat small pieces of regurgitated meat/
  • *Begin to stand and walk; vocalizations include growls, whimpering and squeaks, first high-pitched attempts at howling.
  • *Weight: 3.5 lbs.

  • 3.Socialization Period: 20-24 days to 77 days.

  • *Begin appearing outside of the den and playing near the entrance.
  • *Ears begin to raise around 27 days and hearing improves significantly.

  • 4. Juvenile Period: 12 weeks to Sexual Maturity(1-3 years).

  • *Adults abandon den and move pups to a rendezvous site.
  • *Weaning complete, pups feed on food provided by adults.
  • *Adult guard hair becomes apparent on body.
  • 5.Period of Rapid Growth: 14-27 weeks.

  • *Pups will gain approximately 1.3 lbs. per week over the next three months.
  • *Weight: 28-70 lbs.
  • 6.Period of Slow Growth: 27-51 weeks.

  • *Female pups will gain approximately .07 lbs. per week and male pups will gain approximately .4 lbs. per week.
  • *Pups begin to travel with pack.
  • *Begin actively hunting.

  • 7.Sexual Maturity: 1-3 years.

  • *Hormonal changes signal sexual maturity.
  • *May choose to disperse from pack.
  • *Weight: 60-100+ lbs.
  • Communication

    Wolves use body language to communicate and convey the rule their group. A pack also have rules so that their pack is organized. Rule 1 is that you can either be a follower or leader. Often times the leaders are the parents. Parents are known as the dominant pair and usually only they can give birth to pups. In order to start a pack, a wolf either have to find a wolf that is the opposite of their gender to mate. They could also fit in with a pack or kill a pack's leader and take over the pack. The leaders are called dominant and carry their tails high and stand tall to communicate to the rest. The others usually keep their tails down and have their heads down. Wolves have very strong noses and use that to also communicate. Wolves mark on trees in their territory to let other packs know that the territory is theirs. They also use smell to identify wolf of their pack when they get lost. Howling is another way that wolves communicate. They sometimes also bark, whimper, grow, and howl.

    Barking-wolves use barking to their pups to tell them their is danger.

    Whimper-it could identify willingness to nurse a wolf or show that they surrendered to a pack.

    Growling-this is used to give a warning.

    Howling-this could be used in long distance to keep the pack together. They use this to pups to keep them united.

    How wolves use communicate

    How do wolves hunt?

    A wolf is a carnivore which means it eats meat. Wolves eat varieties of animals. Some examples are White-tailed deer, moose, beaver, snowshoe hare, caribou, musk oxen, bison, dall sheep, elk, mountain goats, and other small animals. These animal also have great smell, hearing, speed, agility, and sharp hooves to keep themselves from being hunt down. Since these animals are protected, wolves will have to take down one animal usually sick, weak, or old. A wolf needs at lease 3.7 pounds of meat each day but a growing wolf needs about 2-3 times as much. Wolves don't eat everyday but when they take down an animal they eat about 20 pounds of meat.

    Wolfs in Canada

    Newfoundland and Labrador

    Common Name: Gray Wolf, Loup

    Latin Name: Canis Lupus

    Ontario and Quebec

    There are two types of wolves in Ontario, the Great Lakes wolf and the Eastern wolf.


    Great Lakes Wolf

    Common Name:Gray Wolf, Western Wolf, Loup

    Latin name: Canis Lupus

    Location: Great Lakes Area and Northern Ontario.


    Eastern Wolf

    Common Name: Timber Wolf

    Latin Name: Canis Lycaon

    Location: Great Lake Area and Eastern Ontario.

    Manitoba and Saskatchewan

    Great Plains Wolf

    Common Names: Great Plains Wolf, Timber Wolf

    Location: Southeast portion of province


    Northwestern Wolf

    Common Name: Northwestern Wolf, Western Wolf

    Location: Most of Province

    Nunavut

    Common Name: Arctic Wolf

    Location: Most of the province above 62 degree latitude


    Common Name: Plains Wolfs, Tundra Wolf

    Location: Very southern portion of province

    Alberta

    Common Name: Gray Wolf, Western Wolf, Loup

    Latin Name: Canis Lupus

    Common Names: Northwestern Wolf, Rocky Mountain Wolf

    Northwestern Territories

    Common Name: Arctic Wolf, High Artic Wolf,

    Location: Arctic areas including northern islands and pack ice where prey is available


    Common Names: Plains Wolf

    Location: Southeastern areas


    Common Names: Boreal Wolf, Northwestern wolf,

    Location: Throughout province with the probable exception of Artic areas.

    British Columbia

    Common Name: Plains Wolf, Boreal Wolf, Rain Forest Wolf

    Location: Coastal, Temperate Rainforests in the west


    Common Name: Northwestern Wolf, Rocky Mountain Wolf

    Location: Most of the province

    Yukon Territory

    Common Name: Gray Wolf, Northwestern Wolf

    Latin Name: Northwestern Wolf

    Videos

    NATURE | Wolves Hunting Buffalo | Cold Warriors: Wolves and Buffalo | PBS

    Wolf Quiz-Are You Ready?

    1.What is the Latin name for Wolves?

    2.How long does it take for a wolf to become fully mature?

    3.List 3 different ways that wolves communicate.

    4.Name 4 animals that wolves eat.

    5.What is a pack made up of?

    6.What do wolves use howling from?

    7.Name 2 different types of wolves in Canada.

    8.What family in the wolf classification is it in?

    9.How do wolves claim their territory?

    10.How have animals change to prevent themselves from being hunt down from wolves?

    Writing Prompt

    Now that you have learned about wolves, write a writing prompt on wolves. Would you like to have a wolf as a pet? Make sure you use the R.A.C.E.S format in your writing. Try to include as much information as possible. Your story needs to be at least 1 paragraphs long.
    This will allow you to get to http://www.wolf.org/

    At http://wolf.org/, there are more information on wolves. For in depth reasource on wolves, click the button.