Donatello

1386-1466

Italian Sculptor

Donatello was born in 1386 in Florence, Italy. He traveled around Italy a lot, but spent most of his life in his hometown of Florence. Donatello trained as a goldsmith under Lorenzo Ghiberti in his workshop. He was the son of a woolo-carder. Donatello was friends with humanist theorist Leon Battista Alberti and architect Filippo Brunelleschi. He traveled to Rome with Brunelleschi. He passed away on December 13, 1466 in Florence, Italy. He was one of the greatest Florentine sculptors ever and some of his famous sculptures are the David, the Marzocco, and the Mary Magdalen. Donatello's most well-known patron was the Medici family. Cosimo Medici was a very generous patron and he also wanted Donatello to be buried near him.


Big image

The David

One of Donatello's most renowned humanist works of art was his David. This sculpture was created in 1408 and was reworked in 1416. This work of art now resides in the Museo nazionale del Bargello in Donatello's hometown of Florence, Italy. One of the reasons it was significant was that it was it was the first freestanding nude since classical antiquity. One of the techniques was the figures relaxed position that gave it much more movement. I personally find this piece interesting bacuse of the way he is stepping on Goliath's head and the detail that went into having his toes in the hair of the giant. I also think it is interesting that this man seems some much younger than Michelangelo's David. Humanism is present in this sculpture because it goes back to Greece's and Rome's love for the body. He represents the ideal, young Renaissance man.


Bibliography

"Donatello." World Eras. Ed. Norman J. Wilson. Vol. 1: European Renaissance and
Reformation, 1350-1600. Detroit: Gale Group, 2001. Biography in Context. Web. 16
Nov. 2013.

"Donatello." World Eras. Ed. Norman J. Wilson. Vol. 1: European Renaissance and
Reformation, 1350-1600. Detroit: Gale Group, 2001. Biography in Context. Web. 16
Nov. 2013.

"Remote Login to Artstor digital Library." Remote Login to Artstor digital Library. N.p., n.d.
Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://library.artstor.org/library/secure
/ViewImages?id=%2FThWdC8hIywtPygxFTx5TnQkVn0peA%3D%3D&
userId=hDRFeDon&zoomparams=>.