costa rica

gdp

$59.79 billion (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 90

$56.94 billion (2011 est.)

$54.65 billion (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars




history

    Although explored by the Spanish early in the 16th century, initial attempts at colonizing Costa Rica proved unsuccessful due to a combination of factors, including disease from mosquito-infested swamps, brutal heat, resistance by natives, and pirate raids. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Two years later it joined the United Provinces of Central America, but this federation disintegrated in 1838, at which time Costa Rica proclaimed its sovereignty and independence. Since the late 19th century, only two brief periods of violence have marred the country's democratic development. In 1949, Costa Rica dissolved its armed forces. Although it still maintains a large agricultural sector, Costa Rica has expanded its economy to include strong technology and tourism industries. The standard of living is relatively high. Land ownership is widespread.

Geography ::COSTA RICA


gdp per capita

$12,800 (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 102

$12,300 (2011 est.)

$12,000 (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars



language

Spanish (official), English


type of government

democratic republic


names of leader and title

Accessibility Without Exclusion or PASE [Oscar Andres LOPEZ Arias]

Citizen Action Party or PAC [Elizabeth FONSECA]

Costa Rican Renovation Party or PRC [Gerardo Justo OROZCO Alvarez]

Broad Front (Frente Amplio) or PFA [Jose MERINO del Rio]

Libertarian Movement Party or ML [Otto GUEVARA Guth]

National Integration Party or PIN [Walter MUNOZ Cespedes]

National Liberation Party or PLN [Bernal JIMENEZ]

National Restoration Party or PRN

Patriotic Alliance [Mariano FIGUERES Olsen]

Popular Vanguard [Trino BARRANTES Araya]

Social Christian Unity Party or PUSC [Gerardo VARGAS]

Political pressure groups and leaders:

Authentic Confederation of Democratic Workers or CATD (Communist Party affiliate)

Chamber of Coffee Growers

Confederated Union of Workers or CUT (Communist Party affiliate)

Costa Rican Confederation of Democratic Workers or CCTD (Liberation Party affiliate)

Costa Rican Exporter's Chamber or CADEXCO

Costa Rican Solidarity Movement

Costa Rican Union of Private Sector Enterprises or UCCAEP

Federation of Public Service Workers or FTSP

National Association for Economic Development or ANFE

National Association of Educators or ANDE

National Association of Public and Private Employees or ANEP

Rerum Novarum or CTRN (PLN affiliate)


capital

san jose


Arenal Volcano National Park & La Fortuna

One of the most active volcanoes in Costa Rica, the beautiful Arenal is indeed a sight to behold. Visit La Fortuna, a tiny town near the base of the volcano and you will not regret the sheer beauty. While here don’t forget to check out the marvelous Hot Springs, a tropical paradise where you can relax both your mind and body.


Arenal Volcano National Park & La Fortuna

One of the most active volcanoes in Costa Rica, the beautiful Arenal is indeed a sight to behold. Visit La Fortuna, a tiny town near the base of the volcano and you will not regret the sheer beauty. While here don't forget to check out the marvelous Hot Springs, a tropical paradise where you can relax both your mind and body.


Corcovado National Park & Drake Bay

Located on the gorgeous Osa Peninsula, the Corcovado National Park has been called as one of the most biodiverse places on earth. Together with Drake Bay, this region has become an ecotourism hot spot for those who want to be one with nature.


3 geographical featres

it sets on to oceans the atlantic and posific


four volcanoes, two of them active, rise near the capital of San Jose in the center of the country; one of the volcanoes, Irazu, erupted destructively in 1963-65

eforestation and land use change, largely a result of the clearing of land for cattle ranching and agriculture; soil erosion; coastal marine pollution; fisheries protection; solid waste management; air pollution