Natural Gas

Is Natural Gas renewable?

Natural gas is not renewable because it is a fossil fuel, which is a buildup of dead plant matter. Pressure over the millions of years has condensed it into a gas.

Where Natural Gas is found in the Earth

Natural gas is found deep underground and are often found near oil deposits. Deposits of natural gas close to the Earth’s surface are usually dwarfed by nearby oil deposits. Deeper deposits—formed at higher temperatures and under more pressure—have more natural gas than oil. The deepest deposits can be made up of pure natural gas. Fracking is used to collect natural gas from the Earth. Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is the process of extracting natural grass from shale rock layers deep within the earth.

How it works to produce energy for individuals and whole groups or communities

To release the energy held in the gas, it is burned. This produces a large amount of heat, which is put to various uses. In natural gas plants, the heat is used to power large turbines known as combustion turbines, or turn steam turbines by heating water. Some advanced processes use the primary heat to move combustion turbines and excess emissions to turn water into steam. Natural gas is often preferred in these situations because it produces fewer emissions than most other types of fossil fuel.

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Natural Gas and its uses

  • Natural gas meets 24 percent of U.S. energy demand.
  • Natural gas now heats 51 percent of U.S. households. It also cools many homes and provides fuel for cooking.
  • Because natural gas burns cleaner than gasoline or diesel, many companies and municipalities are deploying fleets of natural gas-powered cars, trucks and buses to reduce emissions. There are over 120,000 natural gas vehicles operating on American roads.

Products created through the use of Natural Gas

Natural gas burns very well. Therefore, it is mostly used for generating electric or thermal energy. However, it can also be used to make fertilizers, fuel, paint, glue, vinegar, and many other items.

Who uses Natural Gas?

Commercial, Residential, Industries, Electric Power and generation, pipeline fuel, and vehicle fuel.
Most of the natural gas consumed in homes is used for space heating and water heating.
The use of natural gas in commercial buildings is used mainly for space heating, water heating and sometimes for air conditioning.
Natural gas is an ingredient used to make fertilizer, antifreeze, plastics, pharmaceuticals and fabrics. It is also used to manufacture a wide range of chemicals such as ammonia, methanol, butane, ethane, propane and acetic acid.

What is the cost benifit for Natural Gas?

Since fracking (a way of getting natural gas) is cheap, that makes the price of Natural gas cheaper. Also since the U.S. has large deposits of Natural Gas, it is cheaper to transport gas from state to state, then country to country. Natural gas is one of the most affordable forms of energy available to the residential consumer. In fact, natural gas has historically been a better value than electricity as a source of energy in the home. The Department of Energy estimates that in 2011, natural gas is the lowest cost conventional energy source available for residential use. According to the DOE, natural gas costs approximately 68 percent less than the cost of electricity,
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What is the evironmental impact?

Natural gas, as the cleanest of the fossil fuels, can be used in many ways to help reduce the emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere. Burning natural gas in the place of other fossil fuels emits fewer harmful pollutants, and an increased reliance on natural gas can potentially reduce the emission of many of these most harmful pollutants. Though Natural Gas is mainly a clean fossil fuel, it still emits methane, which is a greenhouse gas. Natural Gas can contribute to greenhouse gases, but it emits very little.
Light Your Water On Fire from Gas Drilling, Fracking

The advantages of Natural Gas

Natural gas is the cleanest of the fossil fuels.

When producing electricity, natural gas powered plants use about 60% less water than coal plants and 75% less later than nuclear power plants for the same electrical output. Additionally, natural gas power plants require the least amount of land per megawatt of production versus renewable energy sources. Wind and solar both require twenty times more land to power the same number of homes as natural gas power-plants.

Natural gas used for power production avoids many of the pitfalls facing wind, solar, nuclear, and biofuel power generation technologies. Those include visual impact, waste disposal, bird strikes and competing land uses.
Natural gas is much safer to store than other fossil fuels. As a result, it is a very efficient source of energy for heating as well as generating electricity.
When gasoline reached well over $4.00 per gallon, natural gas was close to the $2.00 per equivalent gallon price.(Cheaper in price)