Infants First Years Development

By Rachel Minniefield

Milestones ?

They are behaviors or physical skills seen in infants and children as they grow and develop. Rolling over, crawling, walking, and talking are all considered milestones. The milestones are different for each age range.

It is important for caregivers to know what milestones to look for to know if their child is where they should be

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Parents should show pattens like this to their baby because research has proven that black, red,white contrasts register powerfully on baby’s retina and send the strongest visual signals to baby’s brain. Stronger signals mean more brain growth and faster visual development.

Mile Stones

One To Two Months

  • Lifts head
  • Responds to sound
  • Stares at faces
  • Can see black-and-white pattern
  • Vocalises sounds - gurgling and cooing
  • Follows objects

three to four months

  • Holds head steady
  • Recognizes your face and scent
  • Can bear weight on legs
  • Coos when you talk to him
  • Does mini push-ups
  • Can roll over

Five to six months

  • Can distinguish between bold colors
  • Amuses them self by playing with hands and feet
  • Recognizes own name
  • May sit momentarily without support
  • May lunge forward or start crawling
  • May jabber or combine syllables
  • May drag object towards himself

seven to eight months

  • Combines syllables into word-like sounds
  • Begins to crawl or lunges forward
  • Picks up objects with one hand and passes to the other hand
  • Bangs objects together
  • Stands while holding on to something
  • Waves goodby
  • Picks things up with thumb-and-finger pincer grasp
  • Indicates wants with gestures

Nine to ten months

  • Plays pat-a-cake
  • Says "dada" and "mama" to the right parent (is specific)
  • Drinks from a cup
  • Stands alone for a couple of seconds
  • Puts object into container
  • Crawls well
  • Cruises

eleven to twelve months

  • Imitates others' activities
  • Puts objects into a container
  • Understands simple instructions
  • Jabbers word-like sounds
  • Indicates wants with gestures
  • Says one word besides "mama" and "dada"
  • Takes a few step
  • Scribbles with crayon
  • Walks well


1 to 2 months

Pedal Pushing ,When your baby is lying on their back on a changing table or pad, hold her legs and legs (not at the same time) and give them a little workout. The classic move is the bicycle movement.

Swat Team, while baby is on its back string a simple object and hang over their head to they can swing at it it helps the gain cordination

3 to 4 months

Roller Coaster, place baby on their stomach on top of a beach ball that has soft spot and roll from from to back and side to side this teaches your baby how to control and manipulate their upper body.

Different Drums, tjhis helps them learn Auditory, rhythm, sense of cause and effect, communication

5 to 6

Where's My Toy, hide the toy behind you back or in a box it teaches them Concept of object permanence

Signs and Signals, teaching them simple signs to ask for things they want , it teaches them hand-eye coordination, communication

7 to 8

Choo-Choo Training,Stand with your legs a little wider apart than your shoulders. Tell your baby she's the train and you're the tunnel, then encourage her to crawl or scoot through your legs. This teaches Crawling and gross motor skills

Shower Power,punch small holes in the container's lid. Fill the container with water and snap the lid on. Once your baby is in the bath, show him how to turn the container upside down and sprinkle water into the tub. It teaches Fine motor, sense of cause and effect

9 to 10 months

Chef Bunny,Holding the spoon in the stuffed animal's paw or the doll's hand, have the dinner guest feed your baby her food. this teaches sense of cause and effect, and a good appetite

Campfire Tales, read a story under a tent or blanket with chairs with a flash light. This teaches them Verbal, pre-reading

11 to 12 months

Diaper Dolly,Put a diaper on one of your baby's dolls or stuffed animals, then help them change Dolly's diaper this teaches them Fine motor, nurturing

Package Play,when your baby's seated in the bath but not looking right at you, use a wet washcloth to "wrap" a small bath toy and show it as a present .

Saftey tips

Keep harmful objects out of reach

block of stairs

put safety plugs in out lets

Attach corner and edge guards on furniture

Use doorstops and door holders to protect babies' fingers.

work sited

"BabyCenter | Advice and Support on Pregnancy and Parenting." BabyCenter. Web. 30 May 2015.