Sjogren's Syndrome

Autoimmune Disorder

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome are dry eyes and mouth and sometimes vaginal dryness. It also accompanies other immune system disorders like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Pathogenesis and Diagnosis

Sjogren's syndrome occurs when White Blood Cells attack saliva and tear glands. It can be diagnosed through testing of the eyes and a salivary flow test. Glands from the lower lip can also be used for a biopsy.
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Management and Prognosis

There is no cure, but treatment focuses on relieving symptoms which often subside with time. The mucous membranes and moisture secreting glands in the eyes and mouth are affected first. However, the prognosis for some one with Sjogren's syndrome is good. Eye dryness can lead to eye injury especially with the cornea, so those with this disease must see an eye specialist. Dry mouth can lead to tooth decay therefor, optimal oral hygiene is essential.