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why are the wetlands important

The wetlands are important because they stop floods from coming into Calgary or Okotoks.

The wetlands also clean the water that we drink. Wetlands give the wild animals a lot of water too survive. The wetlands give a lot of habitat to the wild animals. The importance of wetlands to both humans and ecosystems is increasingly being recognized; however, there are many direct and indirect stresses that continue to threaten habitats. stresses can also be classified as natural or human-included. Many wetlands are able to adapt to natural stresses, such as storms, ice damage and low water levels. Unfortunately, human-included stresses often occur so quickly and drastically that wetlands are not able to fully recover.




bogs are mossy wetlands. almost all of their water comes from rain and snow. water in bogs is low in oxygen,very acidic and often cold! peat moss is common in bogs. this moss has large cells with openings that absorb a lot of water. this makes bogs very spongy. bogs have low levels of oxygen in them because water doesn't flow in and out of them easily. low levels of oxygen. A bog is a freshwater wetland of soft, spongy ground consiting mainly of partially decayed plant matter called peat. Bogs are generally found in cool, northern climates. they often develop in poorly draining lake basins created by glacicers during the most recent ice age. the worlds largest wetland is a series of bogs in the siberia region of Russia.


Swamps are dominated by trees. they are often named for the type of trees that grow in them. Swamps are dominated by shrubs or trees. They may be flooded seasonally or for long periods of time. Swamps are nutrient rich and productive. vegetation may be composed of coniferous or deciduous forest or tall thickets. swamps are most common in temperate areas of Canada. Swamps exist in many kinds of climates and on every continent except antarctica. they vary in size from isolated prairie potholes to huge coastal salt marshes. Swamps and marshes are easily interchanged as they both areas of vegetation that are susceptible to flooding. in north america they are defined a little differently. a swamp is a place where the plants that make up the area covered in water primarily woody plants or cypress trees. a marsh, on the the other hand, is defined as having no woody plants. the non-woody plants would be saltmarsh grasses, reeds, or sedges. also, marshes are typically not as deep as swamps.


fens receive water from the surrounding watershed in inflowing streams and groundwater.