Chemistry Definitions

By: Adriene Miller


a chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some metals, and turns litmus red; typically, a corrosive or sour-tasting liquid of this kind


a substance capable of reacting with an acid to form a salt and water, or (more broadly) of accepting or neutralizing hydrogen ions


of or relating to the binding together of molecules
Big image


a homogeneous, noncrystalline substance consisting of large molecules or ultramicroscopic particles of one substance dispersed through a second substance. Colloids include gels, sols, and emulsions; the particles do not settle and cannot be separated out by ordinary filtering or centrifuging like those in a suspension
Big image


the relative amount of a given substance contained within a solution or in a particular volume of space; the amount of solute per unit volume of solution
Big image


the action of making a liquid more dilute
Big image


(of liquids) not forming a homogeneous mixture when added together.
Big image


(of liquids) forming a homogeneous mixture when added together.
Big image


the number of moles of solute per liter of solution.
Big image


a process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane.
Big image


the action or process of precipitating a substance from a solution
Big image


holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked.

(of an organic molecule) containing the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms, and so having no carbon–carbon double or triple bonds

Big image


(of a substance) able to be dissolved, especially in water.

(of a problem) able to be solved.

Big image


the minor component in a solution, dissolved in the solvent.

Big image


a means of solving a problem or dealing with a difficult situation

Big image


able to dissolve other substances.

Big image


increase the concentration of (a solution) beyond saturation point
Big image


a mixture in which particles are dispersed throughout the bulk of a fluid

Big image


(of organic molecules) having carbon–carbon double or triple bonds and therefore not containing the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms for the number of carbons
Big image