The Writing Process

By: Katie DeSantis

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A series of flexible steps to help you write well:


1. Prewrite: Come up with ideas for the work.
2. Draft: Get the ideas down in rough form.
3. Share: Receive feedback on the draft from a reader or listener.
4. Revise: Make reflective choices based on ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency.
5. Edit: “Clean up” the piece. Check for correct capitalization, punctuation, spelling, paragraphing, grammar, and usage.
6. Publish: The writer goes public.
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Effective Qualities of Writing

Ideas- Make up the main message.

  • Select a fresh and original idea, narrow your focus, and develop the main idea.

Sentence Fluency- The music created by your words.

  • Listen for how words and phrases sound, vary sentence length and structure to create a rhythm, and construct sentences that enhance meaning.

Organization- The glue that holds ideas together.

  • Write a bold beginning, add a mighty middle, and tie it up with an excellent ending.

Word Choice- The usage of rich language.

  • Use verbs that show precise action, use nouns that are specific, and use adjectives that are vivid.

Voice- How you bring the writing to life.

  • Show how much you care about the topic, speak directly to the reader. The tone is identifiable.

Conventions- Guide readers through the text.

  • Use standard spellings, follow grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and paragraphing rules, and edit carefully.

References

Culham, Ruth. 6 1 Traits of Writing. New York: Scholastic, 2005. Print.


Culham, Ruth. The Traits of Writing: A Big Classroom Reference Guide. New York:

Scholastic, 2006. Print.