Guard Against Tyranny
How did the Constitution guard against Tyranny?
Federaliam helped guard against tyranny because it used both the state government and the central government. Using both of these governmenents gives "double security" to the people so more then one group of people are governing them. The state and federal governements both have powers but there are less powers given to the state government. The powers that are designated for the state governments have less power over things then the national governments powers. The state governments also have more power over local and personal issues rather than national issues this way each state doesn't have too much power over the federal government.
Separation Of Powers
Separation of power helps guard against tyranny because there are many different departments and all citizens have a say in what is going on in the government. The separation of powers gives different branches in the government different powers. For example, the Executive branch enforces laws in the governement while the Judicial branch interprets laws and lastly the Legislative branch makes laws in the government. This separates the powers equaly and fairly so no one group has more power over another.
Checks And Balances
Each branch can not be completely separate, they need to check other branches and have other branches check them otherwise they could do things that are unconstitutional and have unlimited powers. Checks and balances allow a branch of government to limit the powers of the other two branches, so they guard against tyranny by keeping one branch from getting too powerful. This guards against tyranny because with checks and balances no one branch can override another branch without being checked.
Big States vs. Small States
With the big and small states there are many different ways people want to be represented in the goverment. The small states want to have equal representation so they won't get swallowed up. The larger states want to have representatives based on their population. The way they compromised was called the Great Compromise, this is when both the large and small states got what they wanted. The representatives in the House of Representatives were choosen by population like they large states wanted. The representatives in the Senate were two per states, there was equal representation which is what the small states wanted. This made it so everyone was happy with their representation in the government.