The Importance of a Growth Mindset
10:00-10:15-- What is a Growth Mindset?
- Growth mindset vs. fixed mindset
- Failure and effort
- What type of mindset are you?
10:15-10:45-- How to Develop A Growth Mindset in Children
- Set goals
- Praising the process
- Risk taking
- The value of mistakes
10:45-11-- Small group discussion, further reading
11-11:30-- Q&A and wrap up
What is a growth mindset?
How to Develop a Growth Mindset in Children
1. Setting goals
- When setting goals, children become aware of their current condition and the condition which they aspire to achieve. These goals give children incentives and increase their efforts, as having a goal makes a child less likely to give up until they have achieved that goal. (Woolfolk 452)
2. Praising their Process
- Children must learn how to grow their intelligence. However, children do not do so by being praised at all times. While it is good to positively encourage children, doing so boosts their confidence only for a moment; in the long run, children will lose confidence when something is difficult and quit easily. Instead of praising children and saying that they are the next Mozart, focus on the effort they put into their work. Ask them questions about the strategies they used and their process. source:http://www.mindsetonline.com/forum/parentsteach/index.html
3. Encourage Risk Taking
- Failure is a part of learning; as Michael Jordan said, "I've missed more than nine thousand shots. I've lost almost two hundred games. Twenty-six times, I've been trusted to take the game-winning shot, and missed" (Dweck 100). The only way to fail is to take risks. Encourage children to try out for a team or to answer a question they are not completely certain about.
4. Value Mistakes
- As stated above, failure is a critical part of learning. However, you must learn from your mistakes and failures. Mistakes are how you develop character and learn to cope with setbacks, act in your best interest, and creates good strategies. (Dweck 93) Having a fixed mindset can make it very difficult to see the positive in a mistake, but it is important for students to realize that change and growth are highly possible after mistakes so that in the end your failure does not define you. (Dweck 39)
5. Be confident
- Confidence allows one to feel more optimistic about achieving goals, ask for help when needed, and allows one to be more resilient. While students with fixed mindsets often want to protect their confidence, it is important not to let failure lower one's confidence. Instead, encourage students to focus on the positives from an experience and use those to boost their confidence for next time. For example, a four square tournament at recess. If a second grader often wins playing against kindergartners, first, and second graders, the child will be very confident. Encourage the child to play with the older second and third graders. The child should take with them the confidence that they have the skills to play well, yet are going to further develop their skills playing with the older children. (Dweck 52) source:http://www.lift-off.org.uk/155_Confidence+and+Mindset.html