Industrialism in America

Urbanization

Student Checklist

For each day- go through the readings and activities! You must read everything! Turn in what assignments it says to turn in!

Monday

Monday Bell Ringer

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The political cartoon below depicts President Andrew Jackson.


Based on this cartoon, the artist is trying to show that President Jackson’s cabinet was-

a. Corrupt

b. Unselfish

c. Diligent

d. Honest

Industry Topics

Industry, Cotton, Slavery, Immigrant, Transportation & Economy
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Characteristics of Industrialism

Get out a lined piece of paper! Number 1-4 and answer these questions!

1. What words stand out in the Wordle above?

2. What does the word Urbanization mean?

3. What do most of the words have in common!

4. Does advancing technology bring progress or problems?


Turn in the answers to these questions!

*Characteristics of Industrialism*

· Industrialism- Population shift to cities

· Industrialization- Natural Resources, Population Growth, Transportation, Investment Capital

· Industrialism- lack of government regulations

King Cotton

In 1793, A man named Eli Whitney invented the Cotton Gin. It is the first in many inventions to decrease the demand for labor. The invention of the cotton gin made the cotton-cleaning process more efficient and quicker,thus the need arose for a larger work force (drastic rise in the number of enslaved people in the South);southern plantations became major producers of cotton that was shipped to northern textile mills.

Effect of the Cotton Gin


Positive- It made the job of processing the cotton easier and more efficient. It directly led to the growth of southern plantations

Negative- It led to the spread of slavery due to both the increase in plantations but also because the textile mills in the North needed more cotton which caused plantation owners to need more slaves.

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Cotton Seed Removal

How long does it take to remove cotton seeds by hand? Let's just find out!
removing seeds by hand from wild organic cotton

*Cotton*

· Growth of Slavery- Demand of cotton in textile mills

· Cotton Gin- Growth of southern plantations and expansion of slavery

Inventions Activity- Assignment Due Today

On another piece of paper. Complete the following activity!


The industrial era begins the time period when inventions begin to fill our lives. Inventions such as farm equipment like the John Deere plow, and the Cotton Gin to the invention of the telegraph machine, the Industrial Era begins and makes most people’s lives better.

1. What is the industrial era all about?

2. Choose two inventions that you USE in your life! Could be your phone, a car, tv, washer, dryer, microwave, dishwasher, Refrigerator, air conditioner, toilet etc... Then write about one that you could live without and one you could not live without. Also tell me what would you would have to use to replace that item. Can't be another mechanical or technological item.

3. I could live without_______________ because____________________ and I would replace it by________________.

4. I couldn’t live without ___________________ because

Practice Question- Monday

The invention of which of the following led to the development of the plantation system in the South?



A. Textile factories

B. Diesel Engine

C. Cotton Gin

D. Steam Engine

Summary Question- Monday

How does an invention like the Cotton Gin increase the need for slaves?


Rate your knowledge of the invention of the Cotton Gin!

Tuesday

Tuesday Bell Ringer

The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is… to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us stop.

- George Washington’s Farewell Address

Which policy below is Washington wanting America to follow?

f. Trade restrictions

g. Non-involvement

h. Mercantilism

J. Separation of powers

Review

Cotton Gin

Slavery

Inventions in our lives!

Have you ever thought about the number of inventions that we use today that weren't around 150 years ago. Probably none of them were around. (at least in the form they are today!) Think about that, That is only 2 generations back. If you had to choose one, Which invention could you not do without?

Inventions- Power Point Assignment

Use the website above or use google to research the items. Create a powerpoint or keynote showing the name of the invention, a picture and why they are important. On the Invention that you feel is most significant create a slide with that invention and why you feel it is the most significant.


Part 1

1. Title- Inventions (Name)

2. Spinning Jenny (Loom)

3. Interchangeable Parts

4. Canals

5. Steamboat

6. Telegraph

Part 2

7. John Deere Plow

8. McCormick's Reaper

9. Sewing Machine

10. Cotton Gin.

11. Bessemer Steel Process

12. Most Significant Invention- Which one was most significant to helping the US grow and why?


1-6 are due today! Show me that you have them done or it is lunch detention tomorrow!

6- 12 are due on the second day! Show me it is completed then turn it in!

Practice Question- Tuesday



The invention of the train allowed for which of the following?

A. More efficient transportation of goods

B. Higher quality of production of goods

C. Faster international shipping of goods

D. Decreased cost of producing goods

Summary Question- Tuesday

What were the positive and negative consequences of inventions? Choose one and describe a positive and negative consequence of it!


Rate your knowledge of the positive and negative consequences of inventions!

Wednesday

Wednesday Bell Ringer

The excerpt below comes from remarks made by President Thomas Jefferson regarding the proposed Erie Canal project.

... It is a splendid project and may be executed a century hence ... here is a canal of a few miles projected by General Washington (the Potomac Canal) which has languished for many years because of a small sum of $200,000 ... cannot be obtained ... think of making a canal 350 miles long through a wilderness! It is a little short of madness to think about it....

President Thomas Jefferson mentions the Potomac Canal in his argument in order to —

A

Provide his audience with information about how it only costs around $200,000 to build a canal.

B

Provide an example of a failed canal-building project and discourage the construction of the Erie Canal.

C

Provide an example of a successful canal-building project and encourage the construction of the Erie Canal.

D

Provide his audience with an explanation of the positive effects that canals have on a country's growth.

Review Topics

Cotton Gin

Slavery

Inventions (name 3 and describe them)

Inventions Powerpoint

Turn in 7-10 of the Inventions!

Practice Question- Wednesday




The rate of production during the Industrial Revolution was greatly increased by the invention of —

A. textile factories

B. The diesel engine

C. Interchangeable parts

D. The steamboat engine

Summary Question- Wednesday

Which invention do you feel most impacts America at that time?


Rate your knowledge of inventions in America!

Thursday

Thursday Bell Ringer

"It is well worthy of consideration therefore, whether it would conduce more to the interest of the people of America that they should, to all general purposes, be one nation, under one federal government, or that they should divide themselves into separate confederacies, and give to the head of each the same kind of powers which they are advised to place in one national government."

— John Jay, Federalist No. 2


For what purpose did John Jay write the excerpt above?

A

to support a system with a strong executive branch

B

to promote a legislature with two separate bodies

C

to clarify the choice before the states

D

to publish the opinion of landowners

Review Topics

Cotton Gin

Slavery

Inventions (name 3 and describe them)

Industrial Revolution (Not a war)

Immigrants

Push/ Pull Factors

Push Factors are what pushes people away from their home or country.

Pull Factors are what pulls people into an area.


Push Activity- Name and describe as many push factors as you can. Think about what pushes people away from living in Floydada. (You should be able to name at least 5!) Why do urban areas grow faster than rural areas?


Pull Activity- Name and describe as many pull factors as you can. Think about an area that pulls people in (It is an area that is growing). Why are people moving there? (You should be able to name at least 5!)

Push/ Pull Card Sort

Sort the topics into Pull Factors and Push Factors!

Sort into two columns- Push Factors on one side and Pull Factors on the other.

Turn it in!

Better educational opportunities

Better health care

Better shelter

Encouragement from family and friends

Hope for better employment

Hope for family to have a higher standard of living

Lack of educational opportunities

Lack of employment

Lack of food or shelter

Lack of health care

Lack of religious tolerance

Lower standard of living

More money and food

Natural disasters (earthquakes, floods)

Religious tolerance

Right to vote and freedom from persecution

Safety

To gain protection under the law

Unfair legal system

War and terrorism

Practice Question- Thursday



The four factors listed below have played a major role in the development of the United States.

• Population growth
• Increased agricultural productivity
• Factory production
• Low-cost transportation


These factors played a major role in —


A. Agricultural growth

B. militarization

C. Westward growth

D. Urbanization

Summary Question- Thursday

Which issue do you think makes the biggest impact on the reason people migrate- Push or Pull Factors and why?


Rate your knowledge of Push and Pull Factors!

Friday

Friday Bell Ringer

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Which number marks the city in the Continental US that was controlled by Spain and France before being controlled by the United States?

f. 1

g. 2

h. 3

j. 4

Review Topics

Cotton Gin

Slavery

Inventions (name 3 and describe them)

Industrial Revolution (Not a war)

Push/ Pull Factors

Timeline Foldable

Go to the website! Create a foldable that shows all of the important inventions! You choose how the foldable looks! Turn it in! Must include 10 inventions from 1700-1900

Practice Question- Friday


Which pull factor accounted for much of Chinese immigration to the United States in the mid-1800s?

A. An opportunity for free land in the Midwest

B. The prospect of religious freedom

C. An economic boom in the West

D. The possibility of free education

Summary Question- Friday

What motivated many pioneers to migrate to the American West?


Rate your knowledge of push/ pull factors!

Tuesday

Review Topics

1. Cotton Gin

2. Slavery

3. Inventions (name 3 and describe them)

4. Industrial Revolution (Not a war)

5. Push/ Pull Factors

6. Immigrant Groups

Factories!

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The War of 1812

This War (the 2nd war for us against England!) was fought mainly on the Atlantic Ocean. This caused a shortage of manufactured goods because of ship blockades disrupting trade. The result, America needs to manufacture some goods instead of buying from other countries. Urbanization begins with factories springing up in big cities and people move there to work in those factories.

Practice Question- Tuesday



The production of which of the following established the model for industrial factories in the 1800s?

A. Steamboats

B. Automobiles

C. Agricultures

D. Textiles

Summary Question- Tuesday

How were Americans daily lives changed by industrialization?


Rate your knowledge of industrialization!

Wednesday

Review Topics

Cotton Gin

Slavery

Inventions (name 3 and describe them)

Industrial Revolution (Not a war)

Push/ Pull Factors

Immigrant Groups

Textile Factories

*People and Industry*

· Irish Immigrants- Work in Factories and municipal services

· Northern Pull Factor- low-skilled factory labor

· Know Nothing Party- Anti-Immigrant sentiment

Know-Nothing Party

Immigrant Groups

Irish- Due to the potato famine (1850s) in Ireland most Irish workers come to the US and work in factories or service jobs.

German- Another Immigrant group who works at low skilled, labor intensive jobs in factories or other service work.

Mormon- Religious group that suffered at the hands of discrimination. They move west to the Salt Lake City area.


Push & Pull Factors- Read about the three groups. What are some push factors and what are some pull factors.

Immigrants and Conflicts

What are some positive and negative impacts of different ethnic groups moving into an area?

Think about living here- What if 5 or 6 German/ Russian/ Norwegian families with children moved here? How would you react to 5 or 6 new kids moving in that all spoke a different language we didn't understand. Would it be hard to accept them? Would it be difficult for them?

Anti-Immigration Sentiment

This political party was formed in opposition to the increase in Immigration to the US. Their anti-immigration sentiment meant they were against anyone not born in the US especially the Irish and Catholics.

Practice Question- Wednesday



The excerpt below comes from remarks made by President Thomas Jefferson regarding the proposed Erie Canal project.



... It is a splendid project and may be executed a century hence ... here is a canal of a few miles projected by General Washington (the Potomac Canal) which has languished for many years because of a small sum of $200,000 ... cannot be obtained ... think of making a canal 350 miles long through a wilderness! It is a little short of madness to think about it....



President Thomas Jefferson mentions the Potomac Canal in his argument in order to —

A. provide his audience with information about how it only costs around $200,000 to build a canal.

B. provide an example of a failed canal-building project and discourage the construction of the Erie Canal.

C. provide an example of a successful canal-building project and encourage the construction of the Erie-Canal.

D.provide his audience with an explanation of the positive effects that canals have on a country's growth.

Summary Question- Wednesday

How did the building of factories, railroads and telegraph lines change the way goods were marketed?


Rate your knowledge of factories, railroads and telegraphs!

Thursday

Review Topics

Cotton Gin

Slavery

Inventions (name 3 and describe them)

Industrial Revolution (Not a war)

Push/ Pull Factors

Immigrant Groups

Textile Factories

Railroads

Erie Canal

Transportation

Goods and the Market Place

Transportation creates a National market for goods. You can now send goods (crops and other products) across the US to others not near you. Now we ship things worldwide.

Steampower

Steam power contributed most to the expansion of US industry. The invention of the Steam engine leads to the inclusion of its use in Steamboats and railroads. Steamboats sail on the Erie Canal which opens up new ways to transport goods from the markets in the west to the factories in the North! This new methods moves the farm products faster and farther than before.
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Railroads and Canals

The Transcontinental Railroad and the Erie Canal are built to make travel easier from coast to coast. Goods and People can be moved faster from the west to Northern Industry.

Erie Canal

The building of the Erie Canal leads to the growth of New York City as a center for US commerce.

Effect of Railroads

To build railroads there are two major effects on the land. Millions of Buffalo are slaughtered to clear paths for building railroads. Another was the clearing of rock, plants and trees during the construction of the railroads.

Telegraph

Why is communication important to the growing nation of America? Why is it important today?

*Transportation*

· Railroad Expansion- Environment movement of tons of rock and debris

· Steam Power- New source of power, Boats used rivers to transport products

· Railroads and Canals- Faster movement of people and products

· Transportation- National Market for goods and services

· Erie Canal- New York City

Laissez Faire Economics

Economics

Due to this hands-off policy by the government, the factory system was unregulated. Many laborers had long hours, unsafe working conditions and low pay.

New businesses were being formed with the idea that government would protect property rights.

Industrialization in the North

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Northern Industrialization

Using the above graphic organizer answer the following question. Which of these terms is the most important for the advancement of Northern Industrialization and why is it significant?

*Economics*

· North & South Economies Differences- Factories in North

· Entrepreneurs- Government protect property rights

· Laissez-Faire- unregulated market

· Economic Opportunities Women- Factory jobs provide Independence and wages.

· War of 1812- Disruption of trade develops US Manufacturing

Practice Question- Thursday


The laissez-faire economic policies of the United States during the nineteenth century led to —

A. a system of protective tariffs

B. the creation of a national bank

C. a largely unregulated market for industry

D. a decline in immigration to western states

Summary Question- Thursday

What was characteristic of free enterprise in the United States in the early nineteenth century?


Rate your knowledge of Laissez-faire and the Free Enterprise System!

Review Topics

Cotton Gin

Slavery

Inventions (name 3 and describe them)

Industrial Revolution (Not a war)

Push/ Pull Factors

Immigrant Groups

Textile Factories

Railroads

Erie Canal

Laissez-Faire Economics