Chapter 19

Central and Eastern Europe

The Czech Republic

The Czech Republic
  • Population Size: 10+ million
  • Type of Government: Unitary Parliamentary
  • Velvet Revolution: A revolution without bloodshed.
  • Bohemia: Contains many resources and contains Czech's capital city Prague.
  • Moravia: Too inefficient to compete in World Market.
  • Challenge the country faces: Acid rain and industrial pollution destroyed forests.
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Slovakia

  • Independence: Became independent in 1993 when Czechoslovakia was divided.
  • Population Size: 5+ million
  • Collective Framing: Workers are being paid by the government and they share the profit from the products.
  • Challenge the country faces: Their challenge deals with the economy.

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Hungary

  • Major ethnic group: Magyars
  • Type of government: Non-communist government.
  • Size of the country: Size of the state of Indiana.
  • Country's nickname: "bread basket" of Europe
  • Challenges the country faces: Unemployment, government in debt, and reducing government debt.
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Romania

  • Population Size: 23 million people
  • Nicolae Ceausescu: Second leader, led nation to economic chaos, executed in 1989.
  • Economic choas example: Energy was so scarce that television aired only 2 hours each day.
  • American soft drink maker: Entrepreneurs have made small fortunes selling soft drinks in Romania.
  • Multiplier effect: Eleven new jobs have been added to Romania's economy for each job that the soft drink company created.
  • Challenges that the countries faces: Poverty.
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Bulgaria

  • Nickname: Garden of Eastern Europe
  • Type of Government it once had: Communist, but now they have a democratic government.
  • Challenges the countries faces: when they turned into a democratic government, their economy went into a tailspin.
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Albania

  • Population size: 3.5 million people
  • Nickname: Europe's hermit
  • Effect of isolation: Caused Albania to be one of the poorest nations in Europe.
  • End of communism effect: Albania has received billions of dollars from foreign nations and from Albanians who relocated to live in other countries.
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Yugoslavia

  • Meaning of the name: Land of the southern Slavs.
  • Effect of the communism ending: all that was left of Yugoslavia were the republics of Serbia and Montenegro.
  • Why the country broke apart: The other Balkan Nations made themselves independent.
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Serbia/Montenegro

  • Physical Geography: Rugged peaks of Montenegro and the fertile plains and Serbia.
  • Economic disaster: GDP reduced by half, unemployment raised, break up of Yugoslavia and wars that followed.
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Croatia

  • Population size: Nearly 5 million
  • Conflict between the Croats and Serbs: The Serbs practice Eastern Orthodoxy and use the Cyrillic alphabet, whereas most Croats are Roman Catholics and use the Latin alphabet.
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Slovenia

  • Population: 2 million
  • Impact of industry: Its solid industrial base, it would recover fast.
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Bosnia/Herzegovina

  • Independence: Yugoslav republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared itself independent in 1991.
  • Conflict among peoples: Long-standing hostilities among different groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina erupted into war when Communist controlled ended.
  • Resources: Iron ore and lead.
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Macedonia

  • Tensions among Greece/Albania: Complicated trade patterns and hampered the Macedonia economy.
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