Synthetic and Natural Fibers

By: Morgan, Tiffanny, Makayla, and Alexa

Cotton

Natural

Cotton is extremely versatile, strong, durable, comfortable and soft. Cotton absorbs moisture. It doesn't cling or pill and dyes easily! It isn't resilient or elastic. It will wrinkle unless treated and shrinks in hot water unless treated. Will mildew and is flammable. It is easily laundered at high temps and can be ironed at high temps. It is used in shirts, sweaters, dresses, jeans, underwear, socks, diapers, and towels.

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Flax

Natural

Stronger than cotton. Comfortable and absorbs moisture. Flax is durable, lint-free, and dries faster than cotton.It isn't resilient and wrinkles easily. It shrinks unless treated and will mildew. It's hard to remove creases. Easily laundered and can be ironed at high temps. Used in blouses, dresses, pants, suits and handkerchiefs.

Wool

Natural

Wool is very versatile. Wool provides warmth and is durable. Wool is also very resilient, it absorbs moisture, resist wrinkling. Wool can also resist abrasion and is naturally flame resistant. It's damaged by moths and other insects. It shrinks and mats. It may pill and it absorbs odors. Used in coats, suits, slacks, sweaters, and socks.

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Silk

Natural

Silk has natural luster. It is strong yet light weight. It is smooth, and absorbs moisture. Silk is weakened by sunlight and perspiration. It has a high iron temp and may yellow with age. May also water spot. Used in blouses, dresses, lingerie, scarves, ties, and bridal gowns.

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Spandex

Synthetic

Excellent elasticity and recovery. Spandex is damaged by chlorine bleach and is also damaged by heat. Spandex is washable and is used in elastics, underwear, and active wear.

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Rayon

Synthetic

Rayon is soft and comfortable. It has a high moisture absorbency. Rayon may wrinkle or shrink unless treated, and they may mildew. They're usually dry-cleaned, sometimes washable. Usually used in Blouses, shirts, and linen like garments.

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Nylon

Synthetic

Nylon is very strong. It's also resilient and lustrous. Nylon also dries quickly. May yellow or grey. Nylon is heat sensitive and has a low moisture absorbency. It is easily laundered, but iron at a low temp. Used in panty hose, swim suits, blouses and jackets.

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Triacetate

Synthetic

Triacetate can be permanently pleated. It is wrinkle resistant and crisp. It is heat-sensitive and easily laundered. I can be used in dresses skirts and sports wear.

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