By. Sherkira Turner

Tracing the flow of blood through the body:

Blood is pumped away from the heart ,it travels through the aorta to the arteries, arterioles , and the capillary beds.

Identification of types of blood vessels

  • Arteries- Transport the oxygenated blood away from the left side of the heart
  • Veins- Transport used blood from all over the body back to the heart and lungs for de-oxygenation
  • Capillaries- One minute blood vessels that join onto the arterioles
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Blood Formation

Hemopoiesis is the process that produces the formed elements of the blood. Takes place in the red bone marrow
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Distinguishing among human blood groups

  • Blood Type A: A antigens on the surface of your red blood cells and B antibodies in your blood plasma.
  • Blood Type B: B antigens on your red blood cells and A antibodies in your blood plasma.
  • Blood Type AB: A/B antigens and no A or B antibodies.
  • Blood Group O: No A/B antigens but both A/B antibodies.
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Common Cardiovascular Diseases and Disorders

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease- damage caused to the heart's valves by rheumatic fever, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria.
  • Valvular Heart Disease- the heart's valves keep blood flowing through the heart in the right direction. But this can lead to valvular damage.
  • Angina- Manifest as pain in the chest that results from reduced blood supply to the heart.
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