By: Connor, Spencer, and Pema
Four Noble Truths
-Dukkha - suffering exist
-Samuudaya- there is a cause for suffering
-Nirodha - There is an end to suffering
-Magga - In order to end suffering, you must follow the Eightfold Path
The Buddha is worshiped through giant murals and other forms of art.
Buddhist Monks worship at Buddhist Monestaries. The Dalai Lama is the leader of a specific sect, Tibetan Bhuddists.
Bhuddists create giant golden statues of the Buddha and remind them to ktay within the limits of their religion.
The teachings of the Buddha form the basis of the Buddhist world-view and practice.
The Buddha was born about 2,565 years ago around in what is now part Nepal
The Buddha himself, his teachings or dharma, and the community of disciples or sangha constitute the 3 jewels of Buddhism.
Those who joined the Buddha as mendicant renouncers formed the earliest Buddhist community or sangha out of which later monastic communities emerged.
After the Buddha's death, the community of disciples compiled and continued the teachings.
The heart of the Buddha's teachings relate to human suffering and release from misery. The most teachings of the Buddha are encapsulated in the "Four Noble Truths":
the normal condition of this world is misery or suffering.
2. Suffering stems from desire or attachment to this world that is in its essence impermanent.
3. The end of suffering can be attained by quelling attachment to this world.
4. Quelling attachment can be achieved through following the eightfold path of right views, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration.
Who, What, When, Where, & Why
Today, there are between 200-500 million followers, making up 6% of the
What: Bhuddism is a religion focused on eliminating suffering.
When: 5th Century B.C.E.
Where: Most historians believe that Buddhism originated in Northern India.
Today, Buddhism is found in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Japan, China, etc, and in some parts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal, also in the European countries and the USA.
Why: Buddhism was started so that others could reach the same enlightenment that the Buddha had.
Buddhists don't believe in a creator, but focus an underlying connection with the world.
Zen gardens are commonly used by buddhists to become totally focused on the togetherness of body and mind.
The concentration of Buddhists today.
Special Rituals and Practices
Mantras: a word or group of words believed to have physiological and spiritual power
Prayer Wheels: used by Buddhists to accumulate wisdom and good karma
Nirvana: is the total calm and stillness of the mind and body
It is said that if you rub the belly of the Buddha, you will have good luck.
The Eight-Fold Path
1) Samma Ditthi - right understanding of the Four Noble Truths
2) Samma Sankappa - right thinking; following the right path in life
Sila: virtue, morality
3) Samma Vaca: Right speech: no lying, critcism, condeming, gossip, harsh language
4) Samma Kammante - right conduct by following the five precepts
5) Samma Ajiva: right livelihood; support yourself without harming others
Samadhi: concentration, meditation
6) Samma Vayama- Right Effort: promote good thoughts; conquer evil thoughts
7) Samma Sati - Right Mindfulness: Become aware of your body, mind, and feelings
8) Samma Samadhi - right concentration: meditate to achieve a higher state of consciousness
The Eight-Fold Path
The Eight-Fold Path is the quickest way to enlightenment.
The Buddha is worshiped through giant gold statues.
Buddhist Monestaries are where Buddhist Monks live and worship.
The Eight-Fold Path
Most Important Beliefs
"You Should Not Believe Anything Without Thinking"- Buddhists are encouraged to test everything they read or hear, to see if it stands up to their standards as true.
"Meditation is Key"- without calming the mind, and examining their mind's beliefs, they can't reach the enlightenment.
"Compassion is key"- Compassion is the natural extension of understanding and wisdom. With true wisdom they grow more compassionate.
"Books and teachings are very important"- it was very important to them read and listen to teachers, so they can undo their ignorance.
"Healing comes from the mind"- Buddhists believe meditation, mantras, and prayers heal themselves.