Autism Spectrum Disorders

(ASDs)

What's Autisim?

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges.

Symptoms and Signs

Some signs of autisims may be:

  • Not respond to their name by 12 months
  • Not point at objects to show interest such as point at an airplane flying over by 14 months
  • Not play "pretend" games, like pretend to "feed" a doll or play with other toys by 18 months
  • Avoid eye contact and want to be alone
  • Have trouble understanding other people's feelings or talking about their own feelings
  • Have delayed speech and language skills
  • Repeat words or phrases over and over (echolalia)
  • Give unrelated answers to questions
  • Get upset by minor changes
  • Have biased interests in certain situations
  • Flap their hands, rock their body, or spin in circles
  • Have unusual reactions to the way things sound, smell, taste, look, or feel



Some social interactive symptoms of autisim may be:



  • Significant problems developing nonverbal communication skills, such as eye-to-eye gazing, facial expressions, and body posture.
  • Failure to establish friendships with children the same age.
  • Lack of interest in sharing enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people.
  • Lack of empathy. People with autisim may have difficulty understanding another person's feelings, such as pain or sorrow.



Some Verbal and nonverbal symptoms are or might be:


Verbal and nonverbal communication. Symptoms may include:


  • Delay in, or lack of, learning to talk. As many as 40% of people with autism never speak.


  • Problems taking steps to start a conversation. Also, people with autism have difficulties continuing a conversation after it has begun.
  • Stereotyped and repetitive use of language. People with autism often repeat over and over a phrase they have heard previously.
  • Difficulty understanding their listener's perspective. For example, a person with autism may not understand that someone is using humor. They may inherit the communication word for word and fail to catch the implied meaning

Theres a couple of more symptoms that may be included.



The Causes of this Disease

Autism tends to run in families, so experts think it may be something that you inherit. Scientists are trying to find out exactly which genes may be responsible for passing down autism in families.

Other studies are looking at whether autism can be caused by other medical problems or by something in your child’s surroundings.

Some people think that childhood vaccines cause autism, especially the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR Vaccine). But studies have Not shown this to be true.

The vaccine is a mixture of three live attenuated viruses, administered via injection. The shot is generally administered to children around the age of one year, with a second dose before starting school.

In addition, perhaps 71 in every 10,000 have a milder form of the disorder, mainly affecting social relationships rather than communication and language.

Autism directly affects 1 in 88 children including 1 in 54 boys. Autisim can be fatal seizure disorders, pica (eating inedible), sib (hitting self). In the last 10-12 years w/ institutions closing there are more elderly persons in group homes with autism. Autisim is not curable but you can go to special programs to help. Sadly autisim doesnt have a specific treatment for its disorder.