Islam

Followers called muslims

asmita lehther 3rd period Mrs.dee

Definition of Islamic religon

The followers of the Islam religion are called Muslims. The central teachings of Islam are that Allah is the creator of all existence and the one and only god. Traditions are praying before eating, reciting 'Adhaan' in the right ear of a newly born, and others. Places of worship are in mosques and well-known ones are Mecca and The Blue Mosque. Worship leaders are called IMAM and teach the practice of the Quran. Holy days are Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha. In Eid Al-Fitr is the festival of fasting celebrated at the end of the month of Ramadan. Eid Al-Adha is when goats are sacrificed to Allah. Holy cities include Mecca, here Muslims pilgrim to pray at least once in their life (this is required).

VIEW OF GOD TO ALL 3 RELIGONS

All three religions are monotheism and founded by Abraham. The views of each religion's god are based on their being the one and only god who is the creator of all existence.

COMMON FIGURE TO ALL 3 RELIGONS

Abraham founded all 3 religions. He was the one to introduce monotheism at the time.

Central teachings/beleifs

The 5 central beliefs of Muslims are known as the Five Doctrines of Islamic Faith. They include a belief in the absolute unity of God, belief in angels, belief in prophets, belief in scriptures, and belief in the final Judgment. Also, it is believed to pray 5 times a day. Once at dawn, midday, afternoon, sunset, and finally between sunset and midnight. It is told that Muslims must travel to the city of mecca to pray at least once in their life.

PLACES OF WORSHIP

Muslims praying

Before praying there is 12 steps.


  • clean yourself
  • face the qibla
  • pray at the proper time
  • know your intention
  • Raise your hands up to your ears and say in a moderate tone "Allah - Akbar (الله أَكْبَر)." This translates to, "Allah is the greatest." Do this while standing.
  • Place your right hand over your left hand on your navel and keep your eyes focused on the place you are standing.
  • Bend down.
  • Stand back up (raise from ruku').
  • Go down and place your head, knees and hands on the floor.
  • Rise from sajdah and sit on your knees.
  • Arise from sajda
  • Terminate the prayers with as-salaam.

holy book:Quran

The holy book of Islam is known as the Quran. The teachings of the Quran includes belief, prayer, and good deeds.
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SacrAMENTS/TRADITIONS

In the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar Muslims fast. Eating only twice a day in the morning and at night. Also, when Muslims go to mecca at least once in their in life for hajj.


  • Pronouncing God's Name Before Eating or Drinking
  • Using the Right Hand for Eating & Drinking

  • Muslim Greeting & its Response, (“Assalaam `Alaikum' and

    Wa `Alaikum Assalaam')
  • Reciting 'Adhaan' in the Right Ear of a Newly Born

WORSHIP LEADERS

Imam is a religious leader that can be inherited or elected. Their role is to lead Islamic worship services, serve as community leaders, and provide religious guidance.For Shi'a Muslims, the imam has a more central meaning and role in Islam through the concept of Imamah.

HOLY DAYS/PLACES

There are two official holidays in Islam: Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha. Eid Al-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan (a month of fasting during daylight hours), and Muslims usually give zakat (charity) on the occasion.

Meaning of Religions symbol

The hilal (Star and Crescent moon) does not, in fact, represent Islam. It pre-dates Islam by about 2000 years. Some legends say that it was caused by the founder of the Ottoman Empire, Osman, that had a dream in which the crescent moon stretched from one end of the earth to the other. Taking this as a good omen, he chose to keep the crescent and make it the symbol of his dynasty.Information on the origins of the symbol are difficult to ascertain, but most people say that these ancient celestial symbols were in use by the peoples of Central Asia and Siberia in their worship of sun, moon, and sky gods. There are also stories that the crescent moon and star were used to represent the Carthaginian goddess Tanit or the Greek goddess Diana. Based on this history, many Muslims reject using the crescent moon as a symbol of Islam. The faith of Islam has had no historical Information on the symbols origins.
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