Bubonic Plague

By: Hailey Shirtz

Cause of the disease

Bubonic Plague is caused by a bacteria called Yersinia Pestis

How is the disease transmitted?

First the bacteria is harmlessly living in in the digestive tracts of an animal. The bacteria then forms in the gut of infected fleas, the result being the flea regurgitating intestine blood. Once the flea bites a rodent or human bacteria rapidly spread into the lymph nodes and multiply.
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What are the symptoms of the disease?

Fevers, chills, headaches, muscle pain, general weakness, seizures, high fever, tender and painful lymph nodes(called buboes).

How is the disease treated?

Plague can be treated with antibiotics. The patient calls the hospital, labratory test are done, the antibiotic treatment is then done. But if treatment is not recieved in 24 hours when the first symptoms occur, you can die. Preventive antibiotic therapy may also be given, depending on the type and timing of personal contact.
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Ways you can prevent yourself from getting the disease

Eleminate nesting places for rodents around homes, avoid picking up or touching dead animals(but if so wear protective gear), do not let pets sleep with you, wash your hands regularly, use insect repelent with DEET to prevent flea bites, and report sick or dead animals. Apply flea control products to your pet.

Interesting Facts

  • A French biologist Alexandre Yersin discovered Bubonic Plague.
  • In 1558 Joan (the elder sister of William Shakespeare) died of Bubonic Plague
  • One reason "Black Death" got it's name was from the purplish- black spots it left on it's victims
  • The term "Black Death" is recent, but during the Plague it was called " The Great Mortality" or "the pestilence"
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Quotes and facts from experts

  • During the Middle Ages, experts suspected that the Black Death was transmitted by diseased rats or the fleas feeding on the rats. Medical experts from France believed the disease spread because of the severe drought that brought trouble to the regions of China in 1333. This drought resulted in the death of much of the vegetable and animal life and led to alot of hunger. During 1334, heavy rains caused streams and rivers to overflow. Scientists in Paris believed the two disasters caused the spread of disease from parts of China to other regions in Europe.