Ethnicity: Sri-Lanka

Tic-Tac-Toe Project

What lies at the root of the conflict?

The Sinhalese A.K.A the Indo-Aryan emigrated from Indian in the 5th century and is the largest ethnic group currently in Sri Lanka. The 2nd largest ethnic group, the Tamils emigrated from the tamil region of India to Sri Lanka between 3rd and 1200 A.D. Until colonial powers controlled Ceylon (Sri Lanka's name until 1972), Both ethnicity's group leaders fought for dominance over the land. The Tamil hindus claimed the northern part of the island and the Sinhalese Buddhists claimed the south.

S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike became prime minister in 1956 and championed Sinhalese nationalism, making Sinhala the country's only official language and including state support of Buddhism, further marginalizing the Tamil minority. He was assassinated in 1959 by a Buddhist monk. The name Ceylon changed to Sri Lanka in 1972. The Tamil minority's mounting resentment toward the Sinhalese majority's monopoly on political and economic power, exacerbated by cultural and religious differences, erupted in bloody violence in 1983. Tamil rebel groups, the strongest of which were the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, or Tamil Tigers, began a civil war to fight for separate nation.



The Sri Lankan Civil War in a Minute

How Many People Were Afffected

The violence had killed around 70,000 people in Sri Lanka during the Civil War. Also many of the common citizens that were caught in the "Conflict Zone" were sent to camps set up by the rebels. Around 250,000 tamilians were sent to the camps during the period of the civil war. The war had major casualties on both sides. Towards the end the rebel group lost the war and the Sri Lanka Government assinated the rest of the member within the rebel group. But many children and common people were mentally affected by the atrocities of the war. There many cases and stories of where children described their close encounter with the war where there right in the midst of the fighting. Also in the aftermath many commoners were injured. Overall the main commoners and villagers were affected the most by the horrible atrocities.
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What Form Does This Conflict Take?

The conflict betwee the Tamil's Rebels and Sinhanlese took form of open violence between the two groups. The Sri Lankan Civil War emerged from the former tensions of the two groups. Eventually the iconic leader of Sinhalese nationalism and former Prime Minister was assassinated by a buddhist monk. With this final act it tied the strings for war. Specifically a war of revenge and domination. The simple conflicts between the two gorups drastically turned into open violence and would lead to a blood civil war.
Sri Lankan Civil War, why?

In What Has This Conflict Manifested?

Originally the two groups had conflicts over land disputes, and claiming the right of the land of Sri Lanka. This simple conflict had manifested when the iconic leader of Sinhalese was assassinated. By performing this act the simple conflict over land disputes had manifested and turned into a bloody and dangerous Civil War that the world has ever known.

How Long Has There Been Tension or Conflict

The Sri Lankan War has been going on for 26 years since the death of S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike. The Sri Lankar bloody started in the year around 1983 and finally ended in the year of 2009.

What Is The Spatial Extent Of The Conflict.

The Civilian War took place inside the country of Sri Lanka. Most of the fighting took place in the northern and eastern parts in the country between the two groups. The conflict stayed inside the country at all the time. Mainly when Sri Lanka had trouble against the rebels it aid from other countries there allies who stepped in to control the fighting and eventually to defeat the rebel group.