China has some of the best natural resources such as, coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest).China's landforms are mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east.Some of chinas natural disasters are frequent typhoons, damaging floods, tsunamis, earthquakes, droughts, volcanic eruptions.
Chinas govenment type is Communist state.The leaders in China's executive branch are President HU Jintao, and Premier WEN Jiabao. The name of China's legislative branch is unicameral National People Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui. China's judicial branch is called Supreme People Court.China's constitution was adopted 4 December 1982.Citizens can vote 18 years of age.
China's religions are Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%note: officially atheist (2002 est.). China's languages are Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)note: Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet). China's nationality is noun: Chinese (singular and plural) adjective: Chinese. China's ethinic groups are Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census).
China's per capita GDP is $9,100 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 118 $8,500 (2011 est.) $7,800 (2010 est.) note: data are in 2012 US dollars. China's agriculture products are world leader in gross value of agricultural output; rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish. China's industies and percentages are world leader in gross value of industrial output; mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites, and the percentage 13.9% (2011 est.). China's inport partners are Japan 11.2%, South Korea 9.3%, US 6.8%, Germany 5.3%, Australia 4.6% (2011). China's exports prtners are US 17.1%, Hong Kong 14.1%, Japan 7.8%, South Korea 4.4%, Germany 4% (2011). China's percentage of agriculture,industries,and services are agriculture: 36.7%industry: 28.7% services: 34.6% (2008 est.). China's currency is renminbi.