Solomon Islands


Rivers- lunga, matanikaw, and tenaru, which lies north of the coral sea.

The islands lie on the transitional zone along the edge of the pacific and Australian tectonic plates.

Mountains- mount komburu


It has a tropical climate. There are no true changes of seasons. The average temperature is around 81 degrees

Plants and animals

Animals- dwarf flying fox, the Santa Cruz tube-nosed fruit bat, webbed frogs, and land snails.

Plants- the Solomon blackwood, several palms


The islands are thought to have been originally inhabited by the Melanesians, but e origin has not been determined. The Solomons were frequently visited by missionaries and traders during 1845-1893. On June 22, 1975, the territory's name was officially chamged from the British Solomon Islands protectorate to the Solomon Islands. The islands achieved internal self government in 1976.

People and languages

English is the official language.

94.5% are Melanesian, 3% are Polynesian, 1.2% are Micronesian, 1.1 others, and 0.2 are unspecified.

Natural resources

Fish, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, and nickel

Land use

.62% arable land- land cultivated for crops like wheat, maize, and rice

Permanent crops- 2.04%- land cultivated for crops like citrus, coffee, and rubber.

Other 97.34- any land not arable or under permanent crops including pastures , forests, and woodlands

Religion and education

Only 60% of school age children have access to primary education. Male educational attainment tends to be higher than female attainment. The university of the South Pacific has a campus in the Solomon Islands.

Religion- most of the population is Christian. About 92%


Food- yams, panas, and taros are the staples. Often in kastom feasts, guests are provided with betel nuts. You have to have respect for the elders and women. The believe ancestors are invisible but still physically with them.

Current issues and challenges

Deforestation, soil erosion, and endangered species