By: Joshua Cardenas
His theory of six stages of Moral devlopement
Level 1: Preconventional
Obedience and Punishment orientation
Individuals focus on the consequences of their actions of themselves. If someone does wrong, they will get punished and ask themselves next time if they do wrong they will tell themselves "Last time I did this, I got harshly punished. I won't do it again."
An individual where he/she puts their own needs before others and occsionally others in their needs. So stage two shows a limited interest in others and only look for the benefits. He/she has the atttitude of "You scratch my back and I scratch yours" rather than loyalty to help others.
3. Interpersonal accord and conformity driven
In Stage 3, an individual may conform to stereotypical images of majority or natural behavior. He or she will consider good behavior as whatever pleases or helps others and whatever behavior others approve of. For example if a person means well, he or she will judge the behavior as good; or, if being nice earns approval, then being nice is deemed a good behavior.
4. Maintaining the social order
In Stage 4, an individual considers right behavior as doing one’s duty or showing respect for authority. He or she becomes oriented towards fixed rules, authority, and maintaining social order
Level 3: Post Conventional
5. Social Contract
In Stage 5, an individual defines right action as that which consists of the individual rights and standards that society has examined and agreed upon.
6. Universal Ethical Principle
It is based on abstract reasoning and the ability to put oneself in other people's shoes. At this stage, people have a principled conscience and will follow universal ethical principles regardless of what the official laws and rules are.