Thyroid an Endocrine gland located in the anterior(front) part of the lower neck, below the voice box(Larynx). The thyroid gland secretes Hormones which are vital for growth and Metabolism(it is the chemical processes done by the body in order to maintain itself and provide energy to work).

There is a disease 'Hyperthyroidism' which affects the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism is often referred as overactive thyroid which produces a lot of thyroid hormones.

The cause of Hyperthyroidism normally is Graves Disease, it is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system of the body attacks the Thyroid gland and to fight back thyroid gland produces large amounts of hormones for defense. Graves diseases may run in families. One more possibility is, if there is an error or malfunction sending messages by the pituitary gland there can be a mass production of hormones by the Thyroid gland. It can be treated easily and you can have a normal life further. But, without treatment it can lead to serious heart problems, bone problems and a dangerous condition called Thyroid Storm.

Having too many thyroid hormones may bring a lot of change in you body:

  • Loosing Weight Quickly
  • Fast Heart Beats
  • You may Sweat a lot
  • Feel Moody or Nervous
  • Hands may shake
  • Lose of Hair

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How easy can the treatment be....

If your symptoms bother you, your doctor may give you pills called Beta Blockers These can help you feel better while you and your doctor decide what your treatment should be.

Radioactive iodine and Anti-Thyroid medicine are the treatments which are used by the doctors very frequently.

  • Radioactive iodine is the most common treatment. Most people are cured after taking one dose. It destroys part of your thyroid gland, but it does not harm any other parts of your body.
  • Anti-Thyroid medicine works best if your symptoms are mild. These pills do not damage your thyroid gland. But they do not always work, and you have to take them at the same time every day. If they stop working, you may need to try radioactive iodine.

Aashay Rughani