Novel Literary Terms

Flashback

a scene set in a time earlier than the main story

foreshadowing

a hint about what is going to happen later in a story

Euphemism

a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant

Style

the particular way in which a writer uses language; created through diction (word choice) or figurative language

structure

the way in which the author organizes a piece of literature

inference

a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning

imagery

visually descriptive or figurative language; the senses are used to create an image in a reader’s mind

simile

comparing two things using “like” or “as”

metaphor

comparing two things without using “like” or “as”

personification

giving human characteristics to inanimate objects

allusion

a reference to a statement, person, place, or an event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop culture