The Biodiversity

Rawan Mohamed 11/3 "hsc"

Definition of biodiversity

Biodiversity is the variety of different types of life found on Earth and the variations within species.

Information about biodiversity

Rapid environmental changes typically cause mass extinctions.[9][10][11] More than 99 percent of all species, amounting to over five billion species,[12] that ever lived on Earth are estimated to be extinct.[13][14] Estimates on the number of Earth's current species range from 10 million to 14 million,[15] of which about 1.2 million have been documented and over 86 percent have not yet been described.

Distribution about biodiversity

Biodiversity is not evenly distributed, rather it varies greatly across the globe as well as within regions. Among other factors, the diversity of all living things (biota) depends on temperature, precipitation, altitude, soils, geography and the presence of other species. The study of the spatial distribution of organisms, species, and ecosystems, is the science of biogeography.


Biodiversity is not distributed evenly on Earth. It is the richest in the tropics. Marine biodiversity tends to be highest along coasts in the Western Pacific, where sea surface temperature is highest and in the mid-latitudinal band in all oceans.