STATES OF MATTER

Jonah Medeiros

Solid

  • The state of matter in which materials have a definite shape and definite volume.
  • Changing the container does not change the shape or volume of a solid.
  • Most solid atoms are packed closely together.
  • Almost all solids have some type of orderly arrangement of particles at the atomic level.
  • Copper Wire
  • Rock

Liquids

  • The state of matter in which material has a definite volume but not a definite shape.
  • A liquid always has the same shape as its container.
  • Liquid can be poured into and take the shape of different containers.
  • Liquid atoms are close together but their arrangement is more random than the arrangement of atoms in a solid.
  • Mercury
  • Water

Gases

  • The state of matter in which a material has neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.
  • A gas takes the shape and volume of its container.
  • Gas atoms are not arranged in a regular pattern
  • There is more space between gas atoms than there is in solid and liquid atoms
  • Balloon
  • Air

Plasma

  • A state of matter in which atoms have been stripped of their electrons.
  • Plasma only exists at extremely high temperatures.
  • Ninety-nine percent of all matter observed in the universe exists in this state.
  • You can think of plasma as a gas containing two kinds of particles- nuclei and electrons.
  • Sun
  • Lightning

Bose-Einstein Condensate

  • A state of matter that forms below a critical temperature in which all bosons in the matter fall into the same quantum state.
  • When you hear the word condensate think about condensation and the way gas molecules come together and condense and to a liquid.
  • Bose-Einstein occurs at extremely low temperatures.
  • It also has a low energy level.
  • Cold liquid helium
  • Superconducters