Genetically Modified Animals

Genetically modified

The Background Info

History


  • GMO are living things whose DNA has been changed. Many modified organisms have been created like bacteria, virus. Also plants such as wheat rice and cotton.


  • GMOs have been around for so long. Scientists use them to mix DNA and make new organisms.

Key People


  • James Watson
  • Francis Crick
  • Maurice Wilkins


First Experiments


  • The first experiment of GMO was on a tobacco plant in 1986. It was a given DNA from a firefly.

Technology

Types
  • Microinjection
  • Inactivated Virus


Benefits

  • A new species is formed.
  • Using the DNA it might have some positive effects on the organism.
  • Using this organisms DNA, scientist could modify other organism.

Risks

  • There is a chance that the new DNA will not insert itself.
  • If this happens the animal will not have a desired trait.
  • Sometimes the new DNA can have a negative effect on the organism like the term "gone wrong".

Regulation

Who?


  • The Department of Agriculture.
  • The Environmental Protection Agency.


What?


  • The agency have primary responsibility for the regulation of biotechnology products.


Why?


  • To make sure that everything is ready for the next day
  • Make sure nothing is broken, nothing is out of context.
  • The technology needed for it is perfectly the same.
  • As the technology has advanced, fitting biotechnology products into precise product categories has become more difficult.


How?


  • They have added additional guidance.
  • Laws.
  • Rules.

Extra Pictures of Genetically Modified/Transgenic animals